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  • Gender, language, conversation analysis and feminism

    Stokoe, Elizabeth H.; Weatherall, Ann; Loughborough University; Victoria University of Wellington (SAGE, 2002-11-30)
  • Saving ourselves: gender issues in making provision for one's own retirement

    Gee, Susan; Ng, Sik Hung; Weatherall, Ann; Liu, James H.; Loong, Cynthia; Higgins, Te Ripowai (Blackwell Publishing, 2008-12-05)
    Objectives: This study investigated gender differences in making provision for retirement and the factors associated with a lower likelihood of saving. Method: Non-retired adults aged between 40 and 62.5 years (N = 382) were selected from a larger postal survey of Pakeha/New Zealand European adults over the age of 40 in the greater Wellington region of New Zealand. Results: Overall, women were less likely to save for their own retirement than were men, however this gender difference was no longer significant when income was taken into account. Those less likely to be making provision for their own retirement included individuals with poor health and lower income, and women who had divorced or who provided care. Conclusions: The relative economic position and social roles of women may engender vulnerability to economic dependence in later life.
  • Multiple discourse analyses of a workplace interaction

    Stubbe, Maria; Lane, Christopher; Hilder, Jo; Vine, Elaine; Vine, Bernadette; Marra, Meredith; Holmes, janet; Weatherall, Ann; Victoria University of Wellington (SAGE, 2003-08-31)
    This article explores the contributions that five different approaches to discourse analysis can make to interpreting and understanding the same piece of data. Conversation analysis, interactional sociolinguistics, politeness theory, critical discourse analysis, and discursive psychology are the approaches chosen for comparison. The data is a nine-minute audio recording of a spontaneous workplace interaction. The analyses are compared, and the theoretical and methodological implications of the different approaches are discussed.
  • Cultural stereotypes and social representations of elders from Chinese and European perspectives

    Liu, James H.; Ng, Sik Hung; Loong, Cynthia; Gee, Susan; Weatherall, Ann (Springer, 2003-06-30)
    Hierarchical cluster analyses of a trait sorting task were used to investigate social representations (and cultural stereotypes) of elderly New Zealanders (NZers) of Chinese and European origin, held by young (mean age = 17) and middle-aged (mean age = 46) NZers from both ethnic groups. Consistent with cultural theories of aging in Chinese societies, organizational features for NZ Chinese were: evaluative simplicity, role-governed representations (e.g., division between socio-emotional and task-oriented elders), little differentiation as a consequence of the ethnicity of elders or age group of subject, and an overall structure dominated by good/bad. NZ Europeans' social representations were more evaluatively complex, had fewer subtypes and more differences as a consequence of target person ethnicity. The Curmudgeon and the Nurturant were the most consensual stereotypes across the 8 cluster analyses (2 subject ethnicity x 2 target ethnicity x 2 subject age group), with the most power to organize stereotypical perceptions of elders across cultural groups. Only the majority group, NZ Europeans, displayed out-group homogeneity effects by creating more categories of elderly Europeans than Chinese. Both ethnic groups held representations of elderly Europeans as higher status in society, and both had more contact with European than Chinese elders outside the family.
  • A rhetorical approach to discussions about health and vegetarianism

    Wilson, Marc Stewart; Weatherall, Ann; Butler, Carly W.; ; Victoria University of Wellington (SAGE, 2004-07-31)
    Typically, research on vegetarianism has sought to identify the psychological characteristics that distinguish vegetarians from meat-eaters. Health concerns have been identified as a motivation for meat abstention. In this article, rhetorical analysis of Internet discussions about health and vegetarianism highlights the argumentative orientation of explanations for meat consumption, with the various constructions of health serving a rhetorical function. We show the dilemmatic nature of arguments about the relationship between food and health: food can promote health and cause ill-health, and suggest that meat-eating as a dominant practice is supported by the rhetorical use of notions of 'balance', implying moderation, inclusion and rationality. This rhetorical approach represents a radical critique of past work that assumes opinions given in response to questions about vegetarian practices represent 'causes' of dietary practice.

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