• Family relationships

      Barrett, David; Kukhareva, Maria (Berg, 2010)
    • Foreword

      Barrett, David; Kukhareva, Maria (Routledge, 2010)
    • Gender, sex and sexuality in the assessment of prospective carers

      Cosis-Brown, Helen (1992-07-16)
      Argues that issues of gender, sex and sexuality have direct implications for children placed with carers and offers points to be kept in mind when approaching these areas with prospective carers.
    • Giving us the ‘biggest bang for the buck’ (or not): anti-trafficking government funding in Ukraine and the United Kingdom

      Sharapov, Kiril; University of Bedfordshire (Anti-Trafficking Review, 2014-09)
      The focus of this paper is on government anti-trafficking policies and funding allocations in two case-study countries, Ukraine and the United Kingdom (UK). The paper discusses specific ways, or ‘vectors’, in which human trafficking has been discursively constructed by national policies and the solutions that have been offered to counteract it. It relies on publicly available information and information obtained via Freedom of Information requests from public authorities in these countries to explore the extent to which anti-trafficking funding allocated by national governments supports or unsettles such representations. A broader definition of human trafficking has been encoded into anti-trafficking policies in Ukraine, implicating migratory pressures and violation of irregular migrants’ human rights as the root causes of trafficking. However, the ability of the government to act upon this definition is limited by the ongoing socio-economic and political crises in Ukraine. This is in comparison to the politicised construction of trafficking by the UK government as a threat from international organised crime and ‘illegal’ immigration. The paper concludes that governments in both countries put their anti-trafficking money where ‘their mouths are’: crime, immigration and victim care in the UK, and awareness raising, victim care and training of ‘frontline professionals’ in Ukraine.
    • Global points of ‘vulnerability’: understanding processes of the trafficking of children and young people into, within and out of the UK

      Hynes, Patricia (2012-05-21)
      Within the UK, trafficking of children and young people into, within and out of the country has become an increasingly important and debated issue over the past decade. Although not a new phenomenon, human trafficking has risen up the policy agendas of many countries since the end of the Cold War. This type of forced migration is inextricably linked to the promotion and protection of human rights – be they civil, political, social, economic or cultural rights – and as such it is important that the broader social processes involved are understood and researched by sociologists. This contribution draws upon qualitative research into practitioner responses to trafficking of children conducted by the University of Bedfordshire and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) in the UK. A key finding of this study was that trafficking of children is often viewed as a one-off ‘event’ by those who have a duty to care for children and young people. It is argued that viewing trafficking as a broader sociological process rather than an event enables a greater understanding of the environmental backgrounds of individual children and the human rights contexts within countries of origin as well as subsequent migration trajectories. It is suggested that this may lead to an enhanced ability to identify children as having been trafficked by those with a duty to care for children. The literature from the multidisciplinary fields of refugee studies and forced migration is drawn upon where applicable.
    • Human trafficking and online networks: policy, analysis, and ignorance

      Mendel, Jonathan; Sharapov, Kiril; University of Bedfordshire; University of Dundee; University of Dundee; University of Bedfordshire (Wiley, 2016)
      Dominant anti-trafficking policy discourses represent trafficking as an issue of crime, “illegal” migration, victimhood and humanitarianism. Such a narrow focus is not an adequate response to the interplay between technology, trafficking and anti-trafficking. This article explores different levels of analysis and the interplay between human trafficking and technology. We argue for a shift from policy discourses with a very limited focus on crime and victimisation to more systemic understandings of trafficking and more robust micro-analyses of trafficking and everyday life. The article calls for an agnotological understanding of policy responses to trafficking and technology: these depend upon the production of ignorance. We critique limitations in policy understandings of trafficking-related aspects of online spaces, and argue for better engagement with online networks. We conclude that there is a need to move beyond a focus on “new” technology and exceptionalist claims about “modern slavery” towards greater attention to everyday exploitation within neoliberalism.
    • "It's wrong - but you get used to it" : a qualitative study of gang-associated sexual violence towards, and exploitation of, young people in England

      Beckett, Helen; Brodie, Isabelle; Factor, Fiona; Melrose, Margaret; Pearce, Jenny J.; Pitts, John; Shuker, Lucie; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2013-11)
      The research was commissioned by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England as part of its Inquiry into Child Sexual Exploitation in Gangs and Groups. The research aimed to consider: the scale and nature of gang-associated sexual violence and exploitation in six areas of England; the main pathways into gang-related sexual violence and exploitation for young people living in these neighbourhoods; and potential models for an effective multi-agency response to the issue.
    • Making justice work : experiences of criminal justice for children and young people affected by sexual exploitation as victims and witnesses

      Beckett, Helen; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2015-03)
      Making Justice Work is a one year participatory pilot research project, carried out by The International Centre: Researching Child Sexual Exploitation, Violence and Trafficking at The University of Bedfordshire. The research explored young people’s experiences of the criminal justice system in child sexual exploitation (CSE) cases, and the ways in which these could be improved.
    • Preventing sexual abuse through child participation

      Pearce, Jenny J. (Council of Europe, 2010)
    • Providing safe and supported accommodation for young people who are in the care system and who are at risk of, or experiencing, sexual exploitation or trafficking for sexual exploitation

      Brodie, Isabelle; Melrose, Margaret; Pearce, Jenny J.; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2011-07)
      This report presents the findings of a scoping study into accommodation for young people at risk of/experiencing sexual exploitation. The scoping study took place January to March 2011 and included a literature search, consultation with young people, consultation with practitioners and development of a full research proposal. The research was funded by the NSPCC.
    • The recruitment of foster carers: key messages from the research literature

      Shuker, Lucie; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2012-02)
      This report summarises key learning from existing literature around the recruitment of foster carers.
    • Research into gang-associated sexual exploitation and sexual violence : interim report

      Beckett, Helen; Brodie, Isabelle; Factor, Fiona; Melrose, Margaret; Pearce, Jenny J.; Pitts, John; Shuker, Lucie; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2012-11)
      This report presents the interim findings of a two year study into gang-associated sexual exploitation and violence
    • Safe accommodation for sexually exploited and trafficked young people: briefing paper

      Shuker, Lucie; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2011-07)
      This briefing paper considers the factors that will contribute to effective and safe accommodation by summarising key messages from literature related to sexually exploited and trafficked young people, as well as the provision of specialist foster care for vulnerable young people in general.
    • Social work in health care : report of a project group

      Pope, Anne; Preston-Shoot, Michael; British Association of Social Workers (British Association of Social Workers, 1989)
    • Sociology and human rights: confrontations, evasions and new engagements

      Hynes, Patricia; Lamb, Michele; Short, Damien; Waites, Matthew (2010)
      Sociologists have struggled to negotiate their relationship to human rights, yet human rights are now increasingly the focus of innovative sociological analysis. This opening contribution to ‘Sociology and Human Rights: New Engagements’ analyses how the relationship between sociology and human rights could be better conceptualised and taken forward in the future. The historical development of the sociology of human rights is first examined, with emphasis on the uneasy distancing of sociology from universal rights claims from its inception, and on radical repudiations influenced by Marx. We discuss how in the post-war period T.H. Marshall's work generated analysis of citizenship rights, but only in the past two decades has the sociology of human rights been developed by figures such as Bryan Turner, Lydia Morris and Anthony Woodiwiss. We then introduce the individual contributions to the volume, and explain how they are grouped. We suggest the need to deepen existing analyses of what sociology can offer to the broad field of human rights scholarship, but also, more unusually, that sociologists need to focus more on what human rights related research can bring to sociology, to renew it as a discipline. Subsequent sections take this forward by examining a series of themes including: the relationship between the individual and the social; the need to address inequality; the challenge of social engagement and activism; and the development of interdisciplinarity. We note how authors in the volume contribute to each of these. Finally we conclude by summarising our proposals for future directions in research.
    • Special Issue: New Directions in the Sociology of Human Rights, Foreword

      Hynes, Patricia; Lamb, Michele; Short, Damien; Waites, Matthew (Routledge, 2012-12)