• Social work in health care : report of a project group

      Pope, Anne; Preston-Shoot, Michael; British Association of Social Workers (British Association of Social Workers, 1989)
    • Sociology and human rights: confrontations, evasions and new engagements

      Hynes, Patricia; Lamb, Michele; Short, Damien; Waites, Matthew (2010)
      Sociologists have struggled to negotiate their relationship to human rights, yet human rights are now increasingly the focus of innovative sociological analysis. This opening contribution to ‘Sociology and Human Rights: New Engagements’ analyses how the relationship between sociology and human rights could be better conceptualised and taken forward in the future. The historical development of the sociology of human rights is first examined, with emphasis on the uneasy distancing of sociology from universal rights claims from its inception, and on radical repudiations influenced by Marx. We discuss how in the post-war period T.H. Marshall's work generated analysis of citizenship rights, but only in the past two decades has the sociology of human rights been developed by figures such as Bryan Turner, Lydia Morris and Anthony Woodiwiss. We then introduce the individual contributions to the volume, and explain how they are grouped. We suggest the need to deepen existing analyses of what sociology can offer to the broad field of human rights scholarship, but also, more unusually, that sociologists need to focus more on what human rights related research can bring to sociology, to renew it as a discipline. Subsequent sections take this forward by examining a series of themes including: the relationship between the individual and the social; the need to address inequality; the challenge of social engagement and activism; and the development of interdisciplinarity. We note how authors in the volume contribute to each of these. Finally we conclude by summarising our proposals for future directions in research.
    • Special Issue: New Directions in the Sociology of Human Rights, Foreword

      Hynes, Patricia; Lamb, Michele; Short, Damien; Waites, Matthew (Routledge, 2012-12)
    • Tackling child sexual exploitation: a study of current practice in London

      Beckett, Helen; Firmin, Carlene Emma; Hynes, Patricia; Pearce, Jenny J.; London Councils; London Safeguarding Children Board (University of Bedfordshire, 2014-01)
      In autumn 2013, London Councils commissioned a team of researchers from the University of Bedfordshire to map current responses to child sexual exploitation (CSE) across London. This summary report presents an overview of the key findings of the study; please refer to the full report for further details on, and context to, the study.1 The study was conducted in October / November 2013. The findings are drawn from an in-depth quantitative survey (completed by 30 London boroughs and local safeguarding children boards) and eight semi-structured interviews with statutory and voluntary sector providers. The report provides a snapshot of current responses to CSE across London, in relation to: Local scoping of the issue; Local policies and procedures; Training and awareness raising; Identification and early intervention (re. victims and perpetrators); Responding to cases of CSE (re. victims and perpetrators); and Overarching reflections on progress and challenges. Although there is still much progress to be made, the report encouragingly demonstrates that significant work is underway within this field, with pertinent learning emerging from a number of different boroughs.
    • Trafficked young people: breaking the wall of silence

      Pearce, Jenny J.; Bovarnick, Silvie; Hynes, Patricia (Routledge, 2013, 2013-02-11)
    • 'Traffickers and their victims': anti-trafficking policy in the United Kingdom

      Sharapov, Kiril; University of Bedfordshire (SAGE, 2015-08-20)
      This paper relies upon the ‘what’s the problem represented to be?’ approach to policy analysis to interrogate key representations of human trafficking implicit in the UK government’s anti-trafficking policy. It identifies six policy vectors, or representations, of human trafficking embedded within the policy, including organized crime, ‘illegal’ immigration, and victim assistance as three primary vectors; sexual exploitation/prostitution, poverty in countries of victims’ origin, and isolated instances of labour law infringements as three secondary vectors. In addition, a series of assumptions, which underlie the current interpretation of trafficking, are also identified. By exploring what the problem of human trafficking is represented to be, the paper also provides an insight into what remains obscured within the context of the dominant policy frameworks. In doing so, it highlights the role of state-capital entanglements in normalizing exploitation of trafficked, smuggled and ‘offshored’ labour, and critiques the UK’s anti-trafficking policy for manufacturing doubt as to the structural causes of human trafficking within the context of neoliberalism.
    • Tutor and student experiences of teaching and learning law in UK social work education

      Preston-Shoot, Michael; McKimm, Judy (Taylor and Francis, 2011-09)
      In a project researching the outcomes of teaching law in social work education, students and tutors were asked to reflect on their experiences of both the academic curriculum and how learning was translated into practice. Curriculum documents in the eight participating universities were also analysed. At times distinctive orientations emerged from approaches to teaching and practising social work law articulated by tutors and students, and captured in course documentation. On what contributed to effective teaching outcomes, both students and tutors emphasised the application of law learning to practice and the importance of considering learning styles. For students, law learning remains a complex challenge but with a clear interface with social work values. Teaching can help to reduce anxiety about practising social work law but familiar barriers to learning and its application in practice also surfaced. In addition to the time allocated to law learning, development of legal knowledge and skills was greatly affected by the priority given to this aspect of practice during placements. The openness of practice assessors and managers towards the legal rules and students who use their legal and ethical literacy to advocate for particular outcomes for service users was a crucial factor positively affecting the student experience.
    • Twenty-first century party people: young people and sexual exploitation in the new millennium

      Melrose, Margaret; University of Bedfordshire (Wiley, 2013-05)
      This article reviews existing evidence and debates in relation to young people and sexual exploitation in the light of new empirical evidence generated through primary research. This research explored the types of sexual exploitation that practitioners had worked with in the preceding year and Local Safeguarding Children Boards’ responses to young people's sexual exploitation. The findings indicate that there may be several models of sexual exploitation operating simultaneously in any particular area, and the article therefore suggests that the discourse on young people's sexual exploitation that has dominated policy and practice for more than a decade in the UK requires reconsideration to account for the complex forms of sexual exploitation young people experience in the 21st century. The paper suggests that, in order to provide young people with the most appropriate support, practice responses need to be developed from the concrete conditions in which young people are subject to sexual exploitation, rather than applying abstract ‘models’ that fail to capture the lived experience of the young people concerned.
    • What works for us? : Young People's Advisory Group Annual Report 2010/11

      Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire; Barnardo's; Comic Relief; Ecpat UK; National Working Group for Sexually Exploited Children and Young People (University of Bedfordshire, 2011)
    • What's going on to safeguard children and young people from sexual exploitation? how local partnerships respond to child sexual exploitation

      Jago, Sue; Arocha, Lorena; Brodie, Isabelle; Melrose, Margaret; Pearce, Jenny J.; Warrington, Camille; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2011)
      This report presents the findings of a two year study into the extent and nature of responses by LSCBs to the 2009 government guidance on safeguarding children and young people from sexual exploitation.
    • What’s love got to do with it? theorising young people’s involvement in prostitution

      Melrose, Margaret; University of Bedfordshire (National Youth Agency, 2010-06)
      This article critically considers dominant explanations of young people’s involvement in prostitution, focusing particularly on young adults, in the light of neo-liberal policy developments and the workfare state. It argues that these explanations are limited by the fact that they fail to take into account the underlying conditions that make involvement a viable option. By taking account of these conditions, and the ways in which young people may exercise agency within them, the article offers a more nuanced account of young people’s involvement in prostitution .
    • Young people, participation and empowerment

      Pearce, Jenny J. (Eurochild, 2010)
    • Youth gangs, sexual violence and sexual exploitation: a scoping exercise for the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England

      Pearce, Jenny J.; Pitts, John; University of Bedfordshire (University of Bedfordshire, 2011-03)
      This report presents the findings of a scoping exercise on the issue of youth gangs, sexual violence and sexual exploitation, derived from key informant interviews and a literature review.