Recent Submissions

  • An investigation of antecedents and consequences of green value internalisation among sampled UK enterprises

    Arhavbarien, Joseph Abawenarhe; Ramanathan, Ramakrishnan; Duan, Yanqing; (Elsevier, 2024-06-30)
    Despite the growing popularity of the concept of green value internalization, research on how this concept is being accomplished at the enterprise level is still limited. The purpose of this study is to address this knowledge gap by drawing from previously known concepts of green value and value internalisation. It examines the antecedents and consequences of green value internalisation and evaluates how these environment-leaning approaches impact competitive advantage. This study uses the resource-based view and the stakeholder theory as theoretical lenses in linking green value internalisation to its antecedents and how these impact competitive advantage. A two-step approach involving a measurement model and a structural model was used to analyse survey data from 213 UK enterprises to validate the research hypotheses. Hypotheses testing shows that green value internalisation has a positive and significant impact on green criteria development. The results also show that external pressure positively and significantly affects green value internalisation. These findings extend prior knowledge by establishing the level of significance in the relationship among the antecedents and consequences in the research model. The research design for this study draws from a systematic literature review. The study offers rigorous empirical insights for implementing green value internalisation as a value-creating strategy. However, the antecedents and consequences examined in this study may not capture in detail all underlying constructs. Hence future studies should proffer valid and reliable instruments for these constructs. The findings provide managers from enterprises across a broad industry size range seeking to implement green value internalisation with resources for embedding an enterprise-level pro-environmental strategy.
  • Who deserves help and who is bad? race and class in 'doing' school exclusion

    Thomas, Roma; ; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2024-06-15)
    This article presents findings from qualitative research on school exclusion. The study was conducted in a Pupil Referral Unit (PRU), part of alternative education provision, in England. Mixed methods used included ethnographic approaches, drama-based group work, focus group discussions and interviews. Research participants were teenage boys (age 14 -16) and professionals including Teachers and Teaching Assistants (TAs). Data were analysed in multiple ways within a post structural framework, this included a participatory Data Sharing workshop with boys at the PRU and psycho social approaches. Intersectionality and post structural theories provide conceptual resources for the study. Key themes are: Situated context, boys’ creative practices through rap music and the phenomenon of parents sending their sons ‘back home’ outside the UK. The article highlights school exclusion as part of a wider global context of inequity and punishment in education. It offers nuanced insights from the raced and classed experience of exclusion.
  • Relational epistemic safety: what young people facing harm in their communities want and need from professionals tasked with helping them

    Owens, Rachael; Walker, Joanne; Bradbury, Vanessa; University of Bedfordshire; Durham University (Taylor and Francis, 2024-05-17)
    When young people are harmed beyond their families, what kinds of professional relationships help to keep them safe? Contextual Safeguarding is an approach to creating safety in community and school contexts that asks how changes can be made in the environment to create safer contexts. However, (mis)interpretations of the approach have given rise to practice devoid of relationships with the young people affected by professional decisions, and which override their rights and ways of knowing. We draw on consultations with young people about what they need from professional relationships when they experience extra-familial harm – called the Young People's Relationship Framework (YPRF). We then use this to analyse three pilot studies of multi-agency practice aimed at creating safety in extra-familial contexts. The findings show that, for a relational orientation to be achieved, professionals need to be guided by how young people know the world. We argue that this requires professionals to undergo a process of ‘undoing’: giving up privileged ways of knowing and making decisions, leading to what we have termed relational epistemic safety. We offer this to support professionals in developing relationships with young people who experience extra-familial harm that are characterised by equality and respect.
  • Perceptions and experiences of UK-based mothers of autistic daughters in relation to the potential affordances and constraints of an autism diagnosis

    Evans, Mairi; Papadopoulos, Chris; Burnham, John; Berkshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust; Taos Institute; University of Bedfordshire (Wiley, 2024-05-26)
    Whilst there is a growing body of research about autistic girls, much less is known about the experience of mothering an autistic girl, and the potential impact of the diagnosis. This study qualitatively explored the diagnostic journey of 12 mothers in the UK to identify the meanings attributed to their daughter's diagnosis. A thematic analysis was applied with themes examined through the lens of the CMM LUUUUTT model to further explore the stories lived and told by the mothers. Eighteen themes linked to perceived affordances, perceived constraints/constraints of perception, experienced affordances and experienced constraints. Participants highlighted the impact of autism myths and stereotypes which influenced identification, referral, diagnosis and ongoing support for the girls. Myths and stereotypes told about autism also played a significant role in the mothers lived experience of the diagnosis. An affordance of diagnosis was a new understanding about their daughters' needs, which led to new parenting styles, letting go of blame and resisting perceived societal ‘oughtisms’ about how parenting should be. Whilst the diagnosis was seen as relationally transformative, challenges were described in accessing emotional or educational support for their daughter's post-assessment.
  • From 'harmful sexual behaviour' to 'harmful sexual culture': addressing school-related sexual and gender-based violence among young people in England through 'post-digital sexual citizenship'

    Setty, Emily; Ringrose, Jessica; Hunt, Jonny; University of Surrey; University College London; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2024-05-25)
    Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in schools in England is a pressing concern, especially since the ‘Everyone’s Invited’ movement laid bare the extent of the problem across the country. This article analyses the national policy context, asserting that SGBV is a systemic problem rooted in young people’s school and online peer cultures that requires transformative solutions, involving active youth participation. We introduce and explore the utility of the concept of postdigital sexual citizenship. We contrast this approach with the prevailing behavioural science ‘nudge’ philosophy of government policy making and societal discussions on youth sexuality and rights currently shaping Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) discourse and policy in England. Challenging adult-centric, top-down methods and instead empowering young people as post-digital sexual citizens entitled to comprehensive RSE is vital. While our focus is on England, the arguments apply globally to jurisdictions tackling SGBV in schools.
  • The grief cycle: investigating the influence of cycling on grief outcomes in individuals who have experienced a bereavement

    Williams, Jane; Wingfield, Harriet; Chater, Angel M.; University of Bedfordshire; Sheffield Hallam University (SAGE, 2024-06-10)
    Background: There is a lack of research that investigates the influence of physical activity on grief outcomes. This research aimed to examine the influence of cycling on grief outcomes in individuals who have experienced a bereavement. Method: Semi-structured interviews with 14 participants (n = 8 males; age M = 47.5 years) who engaged in cycling behaviour and had experienced a bereavement. Reflexive thematic analysis was used to guide analysis. Results: Four key themes were generated, providing: an 1) Embodied experience of cycling, within the 2) Cycling community, helping to provide support, alongside the 3) Nature connectedness, which led to 4) Post traumatic growth, following bereavement. Conclusion: Evidence suggest that cycling can provide an opportunity for a physical challenge, an immense connection to nature and a community of support from likeminded individuals. These therapeutic qualities of cycling should be considered for future interventions and adds novel findings to the area of cycling, bereavement and grief.
  • Workplace sitting and productivity: findings from a cluster randomised controlled pilot trial of a workplace intervention for reducing sitting time in office workers

    Ojo, Samson Oluseye; Chater, Angel M.; Hewson, David; Bailey, Daniel Paul; ; University of Bedfordshire; University Hospitals of Northamptonshire NHS Group; University College London; Brunel University London (Wolters Kluwer, 2024-03-18)
    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility and potential effects of a workplace intervention to reduce and break up sitting. METHODS Office workers were randomised in clusters to intervention (=22) or control (n = 22). The intervention included a height-adjustable workstation, education, computer prompt software and line manager support. Outcomes included device-measured workplace sitting and ecological momentary assessed (EMA) workplace productivity. Recruitment, retention and data completion rates were assessed. RESULT Recruitment (n = 44), retention (91%) and workplace sitting measurement rates demonstrated study feasibility. At 8 weeks, workplace sitting was 11% lower (95% CI: -20.71, -1.30) in the intervention group compared with control participants. Intervention participants were also more engaged, motivated and productive while sitting (p ≤ 0.016). CONCLUSIONS It was feasible to implement and evaluate this office workplace intervention, with potential benefits on workplace sitting and EMA-measured productivity.
  • The one with all the sarcasm: Pauline Madella discusses the pragmatics of Chandler Bing’s sarcastic humour

    Madella, Pauline; University of Bedfordshire (2024-08-26)
    It is precisely this subjectivity – what Perry called Chandler’s “world-weary yet witty view of life”, his sharing of impressions, emotions, feelings, attitudes and moods – that is “descriptively ineffable”. In those instances where Chandler does not commit to one single interpretation, but rather offers a diffuse impression, it is hard to pin down exactly what it is that is being expressed. And yet we understand his intentions. In order to understand, we attend to a number of nonverbal as well as verbal cues and do a great amount of inferential reconstruction. In my research, I urge language practitioners (specifically second language practitioners) to expose language learners to instances of ineffable communication, where attention to nonverbal stimuli is key to understanding the speaker’s intended effects. When I am asked how I learned English as a second language, I often say “By watching Friends”. The tragic passing of Matthew Perry on 28 October 2023 was followed by an outpouring of tributes from his friends and fans across the globe. They remembered him as a comedy legend who was able to nail a complex mix of timing, pace, cadence and emphasis, while bringing joy – and belly-aching laughter – to millions. Beyond its contribution to Linguistics and my sharing of a long-held passion for Pragmatics with language lovers, this article is meant as a tribute to Matty Perry and the iconic Chandler Muriel Bing.
  • Ask a linguist: experts answer your questions: "What exactly is contrastive stress in English?”

    Madella, Pauline; University of Bedfordshire (2024-08-26)
    It is not what you say but how you say it. In spoken English, the intonation contours of an utterance (also called prosody) can greatly affect the meaning that the speaker conveys. Contrastive stress is often described as the most conspicuous and ubiquitous prosodic phenomenon in English (you may also see it called contrastive focus, contrastive accent or prosodic contrastive focus). Contrastive stress is used to draw the addressee’s attention to a particular constituent in an utterance – one that is not typically accented – and, in doing so, it triggers a particular interpretation of the utterance. Its acoustic salience or extra ‘oomph’ is characterised by greater auditory prominence and articulatory care, loudness, and increased intensity.
  • Ethical implementation of artificial intelligence in the service industries

    Vatankhah, Sanaz; Bamshad, Vahideh; Duan, Yanqing; Arici, Hasan Evrim; (Taylor and Francis, 2024-05-21)
    This study employs a systematic literature review (SLR) combined with bibliometric analysis to investigate the ethical implementation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the service industries. This research uncovers key challenges such as privacy, bias, transparency, and accountability, emphasizing the critical need for ethical AI practices in service sectors handling sensitive customer data. Findings reveal that AI’s ethical implementation is crucial in areas like decision support, customer engagement, automation, and new service development. The analysis provides actionable insights into enablers, including ethical guidelines, human oversight, comprehensive training, and adaptive organizational culture, which are essential for unlocking AI’s potential and mitigating risks. The study offers a roadmap for future research, advocating interdisciplinary collaboration, customer co-creation in ethical frameworks, and sector-specific policy adaptation, ultimately aiming to build responsible and trustworthy AI in the service industries.
  • How is theory used to understand and inform practice in the alternative provision sector in England: trends, gaps and implications for practice

    Johnston, Craig; Malcolm, Andrew David; Pennacchia, Jodie; University of the West of England; University of Bedfordshire; University of Birmingham (Taylor and Francis, 2024-04-25)
    This article examines how theory features in the research literatures concerning the English alternative (education) provision (AP) sector. Despite increasing interest over the past decade in how AP can (re)engage school-aged young people in learning, there has been no comprehensive review of the theoretical ideas used to understand, analyse, and inform practice in the sector. This article presents a framework for categorising the literature on AP, which refer to theory. This framework is of international relevance and can be used by researchers who are seeking to understand the state-of-knowledge on AP in their own contexts. Applied to the English context, this framework demonstrates trends and gaps in the ways theory is used to frame and understand the sector by researchers and practitioners. The framework highlights a shortage of published research which seeks to understand how practitioners in English APs understand, and use, theoretical ideas, concepts, and frameworks to inform their work with young people. We also find that theories drawn from psychological and therapeutic orientations are more common than those drawing on socio-political framings. We reflect on the causes and implications of these trends and gaps and conclude with suggestions for future research to better understand them.
  • Mitigating the impact of harmful algal blooms on aquaculture using technological interventions: case study on a South African farm

    Ajmal, Tahmina; Mohammed, Fazeel; Goodchild, Martin S.; Sudarsanan, Jipsy; Halse, Sarah; University of Bedfordshire; Abagold Limited (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2024-04-26)
    Seafood, especially from the ocean, is now seen as a greener and more sustainable source of protein, causing an increase in its demand. This has also led to people making choices towards seafood as a replacement for carbon-intensive protein sources. As a result, the demand for seafood is growing, and as the aquaculture industry looks to increase production, keeping products safe and sustainable is imperative. There are many challenges faced by the aquaculture industry in meeting these increased demands. One such challenge is the presence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the ocean, which can have a major impact on aquatic life. In this paper, we look at the impact of this challenge on aquaculture and monitoring strategies whilst illustrating the potential for technological interventions to help mitigate the impact of an HAB. We will focus on Abagold Limited, a land-based marine aquaculture business that specialises in the large-scale production of abalone (Haliotis midae) based in Hermanus, South Africa. HABs are considered a threat to commercial-scale abalone farming along the South African coastline and require continuous monitoring. The most recent HAB was in February–April 2019, when the area experienced a severe red-tide event with blooms of predominantly Lingulodinium polyedrum. We present some of the monitoring strategies employing digital technologies to future-proof the industry. This article presents the development of a novel hybrid water quality forecasting model based on a TriLux multi-parameter sensor to monitor key water quality parameters. The actual experimental real water quality data from Abagold Limited show a good correlation as a basis for a forecasting model which would be a useful tool for the management of HABs in the aquaculture industry.
  • Safeguarding adults within institutional settings: a narrative overview of the literature focused on the care of people with mental ill-health and learning difficulties

    Montgomery, Lorna; Cooper, Adi; Queen’s University Belfast; University of Bedfordshire (Emerald Publishing, 2024-04-01)
    Purpose: Institutional abuse is a worldwide phenomenon with the UK also subject to several high-profile abuse scandals perpetuated on people with learning disabilities and/or mental health conditions living within institutional settings. This study aims to provide a broad perspective of safeguarding practices within institutional care to inform practice and service development in this area. Design/methodology/approach: A narrative overview was undertaken of a range of empirical evidence, discussion papers, enquiry reports, reports from regulatory bodies and professional guidance to explore safeguarding practices within institutional care for individuals with learning disabilities and/or mental health conditions. Findings: A range of literature was identified that exposed and explored abuse in this context. Three key themes were identified: failings within institutional care; safeguarding issues and concerns; and good practice within institutional care. Whilst guidance is available, standards are explicit and protocols facilitate improvement potential in this area, a consistent message was that statutory recommendations for reform have not been effective. Originality/value: This paper provides an important resource for practitioners and service providers involved in institutional care. An accessible overview of both the empirical evidence and grey literature on adult safeguarding within institutional settings is provided, along with a range of standards and resources that specify practice in these settings.
  • Sport, leisure, and social justice at the neoliberal moment: challenges for integrity and activist scholarship

    Lawrence, Stefan; Hill, Joanne; Mowatt, Rasul (Routledge, 2024-05-23)
    The introductory chapter of this handbook serves as a contextual framework for the subsequent sections, highlighting notable recent events that demonstrate the growing influence of sport and leisure in advancing social justice causes. The chapter aims to situate social justice as a political concept typically associated with state intervention in promoting equity, diversity, and inclusion. It documents the dominant leftist perspective that has shaped conventional discourses on social justice, which in turn has strongly influenced political debates within the field of sport and leisure studies. However, the chapter also acknowledges the appropriation of social justice by groups and organisations on the political right, particularly neoliberals, suggesting the need for alternative approaches and a comprehensive understanding of social justice in the specific contexts of sport and leisure studies. It argues for the development and refinement of a more nuanced definition of social justice within these fields as well as developing methodologies that contribute to greater human emancipation.
  • Routledge handbook of sport, leisure, and social justice

    Lawrence, Stefan; Hill, Joanne; Mowatt, Rasul (Routledge, 2024-05-26)
    This is the first book to explore in breadth and in depth the complex intersections between sport, leisure, and social justice. This book examines the relations of power that produce social inequalities and considers how sport and leisure spaces can perpetuate those relations, or act as sites of resistance, and makes a powerful call for an activist scholarship in sport and leisure studies. Presenting original theoretical and empirical work by leading international researchers and practitioners in sport and leisure, this book addresses the central social issues that lie at the heart of critical social science - including racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia, ableism, religious persecution, socio-economic deprivation, and the climate crisis - and asks how these issues are expressed or mediated in the context of sport and leisure practices. Covering an incredibly diverse range of topics and cases - including sex testing in sport; sport for refugees; pedagogical practices in physical education; community sport development; events and human rights; and athlete activism - this book also surveys the history of sport and social justice research, as well as outlining theoretical and methodological foundations for this field of enquiry. The Routledge Handbook of Sport, Leisure and Social Justice is an indispensable resource for any advanced student, researcher, policymaker, practitioner, or activist with an interest in the sociology, culture, politics, history, development, governance, media and marketing, and business and management of sport and leisure.
  • Doing and undoing gender in physical education and youth sport: the potential for practice

    Kettley-Linsell, Hannah; Hill, Joanne (Routledge, 2024-05-23)
    This chapter provides an academic review of the literature on gendered practices in physical education (PE) and explores the concept of doing and undoing gender within this educational setting. The concept of doing gender refers to the process of maintaining, reproducing, and legitimising institutional arrangements and practices based on sex categories. The production and reproduction of gender in PE have been extensively studied, revealing the significant role of pedagogical and organisational practices in conveying and reinforcing dominant gender norms and discourses. The chapter concludes by discussing implications for future PE practices, such as reconfiguring activities traditionally attributed to specific genders, incorporating student voice in curriculum choices, and exploring the potential benefits of coeducational classes. These recommendations aim to foster a more inclusive and equitable PE environment that allows young people to explore and express their gender identities freely.
  • Synergies to promote successful PMI in the tourism industry

    Wypych, Leszek; Ahmad, Ijaz; Sastry, Sandhya; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2024-04-29)
    Globalisation by its very nature exemplifies acquisition of foreign firms or mergers between organisations, yet high failure of these ventures is also endemic; both national and organisational culture are cited as main reasons for these failures. The key objectives of this chapter are to explore (i) The key frameworks that impact national and organisational culture in a M&A setting, with a focus on the tourism industry, (ii) the link that dynamic capabilities and experiential learning have on success post-merger. The Research Questions are (i) what role do dynamic capabilities play in synergising post-merger successes? and (ii) what impact does experiential learning have on the success of integration after a merger or acquisition?
  • Unleashing innovation through internal branding and resident involvement

    Stoica, Ioana Sabrina; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2024-05-29)
    This chapter aims to explore of how residents are influencing their place brands through diverse acts of entrepreneurship by investigating (1) the impact of residents’ entrepreneurial acts on internal place branding in shaping a place’s identity, culture, and reputation and (2) the opportunities associated with residents’ entrepreneurship acts.
  • Entrepreneurship in tourism and hospitality research: a bibliometric analysis

    Vatankhah, Sanaz; Bamshad, Vahideh; Tallia, Sadaf; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2024-05-29)
    This chapter introduces a pioneering bibliometric analysis focused on the concept of entrepreneurship in tourism and hospitality (T&H) research. Through an in-depth qualitative and quantitative examination of scholarly articles, this study aims to uncover emerging trends, prevalent patterns, and significant contributions. By providing a comprehensive and systematic evaluation, this research offers unique insights into the evolving landscape of entrepreneurship in T&H research. The method of analysis involves meticulous data collection and rigorous mixed techniques, enabling a comprehensive exploration of the subject matter and facilitating valuable implications for future research and industry stakeholders.
  • Exploring the tourism potential and innovative contributions of social enterprises in south-east Nigeria

    Ekwugha, Maurice; Oham, Charles A.C.; Ojiagu, Nkechi; Amadi, Robert (Routledge, 2024-05-29)
    This chapter explores the innovative ways social enterprises can contribute to uplifting the people in South-East Nigeria through tourism. It will consider how the tourism industry can help in mitigating the economic impact of the recent global economic downturn and the social impact UK BAME-led organizations can make in this regard. It will also look at some of the distinctive needs these organizations have and their limitations such as the lack of formal structures, governmental support, economies of scale, etc. Untapped potential is investigated and innovative ways of moving forward will be addressed.

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