• E-learning or e-teaching? What's the difference in practice?

      Price, Linda; Kirkwood, Adrian; Kingston University (2005-04-01)
    • E-portfolio: a practical tool for self-directed, reflective, and collaborative professional learning

      Daunert, Anna Liza; Price, Linda; Harteis, Christian; Ruasch, Andreas; Seifried, Jurgen; University of Paderborn; Open University (Springer Netherlands, 2014-01-01)
      This chapter discusses the role of an e-portfolio in professional learning and development. We begin by providing a better understanding of the concept of a portfolio by discussing its meaning, purpose and uses in different contexts as well as the role of technological innovations, which paves the way for new practices in developing portfolios. This is followed by a comprehensive discussion about the use of electronic portfolios in light of recent research in order to provide an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of using e-portfolios. Current research suggests that e-portfolios are practical tools for supporting self-directed and reflective learning. In addition, e-portfolios have the potential to support collaborative learning among learners who are interested in sharing their works and in gaining feedback. At the end of the chapter, we discuss an approach to designing professional learning and development plans, which serves as a guide for
    • Ealing Brighter Futures Intensive Engagement Model: working with adolescents in and on the edge of care

      Munro, Emily; Holingworth, Katie; Meetoo, Veena; Simon, Antonia; Department for Education; University of Bedfordshire; University College London (Department for Education, 2017-01-23)
      Ealing’s Brighter Futures Intensive Engagement Model is a complex, whole system intervention that was launched in June 2015. Its implementation was intended to support and enable the children’s social care workforce to build effective, consistent relationships with adolescents, families, communities and carers, and to use those successful relationships to bring about positive change.
    • The EASR corpora of European Portuguese, French, Hungarian and Polish elderly speech

      Hamalainen, Annika; Avelar, Jairo; Rodrigues, Silvia; Dias, Miguel Sales; Kolesinski, Artur; Fegyo, Tibor; Nemeth, Geza; Csobanka, Petra; Lan, Karine; Hewson, David (European Language Resources Association, 2014-12-31)
      Currently available speech recognisers do not usually work well with elderly speech. This is because several characteristics of speech (e.g. fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer and harmonic noise ratio) change with age and because the acoustic models used by speech recognisers are typically trained with speech collected from younger adults only. To develop speech-driven applications capable of successfully recognising elderly speech, this type of speech data is needed for training acoustic models from scratch or for adapting acoustic models trained with younger adults’ speech. However, the availability of suitable elderly speech corpora is still very limited. This paper describes an ongoing project to design, collect, transcribe and annotate large elderly speech corpora for four European languages: Portuguese, French, Hungarian and Polish. The Portuguese, French and Polish corpora contain read speech only, whereas the Hungarian corpus also contains spontaneous command and control type of speech. Depending on the language in question, the corpora contain 76 to 205 hours of speech collected from 328 to 986 speakers aged 60 and over. The final corpora will come with manually verified orthographic transcriptions, as well as annotations for filled pauses, noises and damaged words.
    • ECITE 2018 in Belgium

      Ashley, Tamara; European Contact Improvisation Teacher Exchange (Contact Collaborations, 2019-01-01)
      Report for the main journal in the field on the event where I was given a funded place to attend in order to document and report on the event.
    • Economic development and construction safety research: a bibliometrics approach

      Luo, Fansong; Li, Rita Yi Man; Crabbe, M. James C.; Pu, Ruihui; Hong Kong Shue Yan University; Oxford University; University of Bedfordshire; Shanxi University; Srinakharinwirot University (Elsevier, 2021-10-14)
      The construction industry contributes significantly to economic development worldwide, yet it is one of the most hazardous industries where numerous accidents and fatalities happen every year. Little research to date has shed light on the impact of economic development on construction safety research. In this paper, we conduct an analysis of construction safety articles published in the 21st century via a bibliometrics approach. We have analysed: (1) construction safety in developed and developing countries; (2) the major organisations that have conducted construction safety research; (3) authors and territories of the research and (4) topics in construction safety and future research directions. The largest number of published construction safety documents were published by scholars from the US and China; the total number of published articles by these two countries was 1,125, at 56% of the 2000 articles that were published. Both countries showed high levels of research collaboration. While our results suggest that economic development may drive academic construction safety research, there has been an increase in construction safety research conducted by developing countries in recent years, probably due to an improvement in their economic development. While authors’ keywords evidenced the popularity of research on safety management and climate, the network analysis on all keywords, i.e. keywords given by Web of Science and authors, suggest that construction safety research focused on three areas: construction safety management, the relationship between people and construction safety, and the protection and health of workers’ impact on construction safety. We found that there is a new interdisciplinary research trend where construction safety combines with digital technologies, with the largest number involving deep learning. Other trends focus on machine learning, Building Information Modelling, machine learning and visualisation.
    • Economic losses of carbon emissions from circum-Arctic permafrost regions under RCP-SSP scenarios

      Chen, Yating; Liu, Aobo; Zhang, Zhihua; Hope, Chris; Crabbe, M. James C.; Beijing Normal University; Shandong University; Cambridge University; University of Oxford; University of Bedfordshire (Elsevier, 2018-12-20)
      Under rapid Arctic warming, the vast amount of labile organic carbon stored in Arctic permafrost soils poses a potentially huge threat. Thawing permafrost will release hundreds of billion tons of soil carbon into the atmosphere in the form of CO2 and CH4 that would further intensify global warming and bring more challenges to human society. In this study, we use the PInc-PanTher model to estimate carbon emissions from thawing permafrost in the circum-Arctic during 2010-2100 followed by the PAGE09 integrated assessment model to evaluate the net economic losses caused by these permafrost carbon emissions. Our results show that in terms of net present value (NPV), the release of CO2 and CH4 from circum-Arctic permafrost will generate estimated net economic losses of US$2.5 trillion (5-95% range: 0.3-11.2 US$ trillion) under the RCP4.5-SPP1 scenario and US$12.7 trillion (5-95% range: 1.6-41.8 US$ trillion) under the RCP8.5-SPP3 scenario between 2010-2100, which contribute ~4.9% and ~6.4% respectively of net economic losses of global carbon emissions.
    • An economic–business approach to clinical risk management

      Comite, Ubaldo; Dong, Kechen; Li, Rita Yi Man; Crabbe, M. James C.; Shao, Xue-Feng; Yue, Xiao-Guang; University Giustino Fortunato; University of South Australia; Hong Kong Shue Yan University; Oxford University; et al. (MDPI, 2020-06-23)
      This paper introduces risk factors in the field of healthcare and discusses the clinical risks, identification, risk management methods, and tools as well as the analysis of specific situations. Based on documentary analysis, an ecient and coherent methodological choice of an informative and non-interpretative approach, it relies on “unobtrusive” and “non-reactive” information sources, such that the research results are not influenced by the research process itself. To ensure objective and systematical analysis, our research involved three macro-phases: (a) the first involved a skimming (a superficial examination) of the documents collected; (b) the second reading (a thorough examination) allowed a selection of useful information; (c) the third phase involved classification and evaluation of the collected data. This iterative process combined the elements of content and thematic analysis that categorised the information into di erent categories which were related to the central issues for research purposes. Finally, from the perspective of safety analysis and risk management, we suggest that comprehensive control and operation should be conducted in a holistic way, including patient safety, cost consumption, and organizational responsibility. An organizational strategy that revolves around a constant and gradual risk management process is an important factor in clinical governance which focuses on the safety of patients, operators, and organizations.
    • Edited special issue on the film Ocho Apellidos Vascos (Eight Basque Names), International Journal of Iberian Studies

      Larrea, Carlota (Intellect, 2018-11-24)
      An edited issue about this romantic comedy which broke box office records in Spain. Including an introduction and four articles by international scholars examining post-ETA poetics, elements of place and nation branding, performative politics of marriage, and simulacrum and hyperreality in the sequel to the film. International Journal of Iberian Studies', 30 (3), pp.155-228.
    • Editorial for the 8th bibliometric-enhanced information retrieval workshop at ECIR 2019

      Cabanac, Guillaume; Frommholz, Ingo; Mayr, Philipp (CEUR-WS, 2019-12-31)
      The Bibliometric-enhanced Information Retrieval workshop series (BIR) at ECIR tackles issues related to academic search, at the crossroads between Information Retrieval and Bibliometrics. BIR is a hot topic investigated by both academia (e.g., ArnetMiner, CiteSeerχ, DocEar) and the industry (e.g., Google Scholar, Microsoft Academic Search, Semantic Scholar). This editorial presents the 8th iteration of the one-day BIR workshop held at ECIR 2019 in Cologne, Germany.
    • Editorial: Can Big Data be a panacea for business?

      Ramanathan, Ramakrishnan (London Churchill College, 2017-09-07)
      This issue features a number of interesting but varied articles on the theme of business. There is focus on economic issues (e.g., Mudaraba Financing), environmental issues (e.g., BP Oil disaster), and social issues (e.g., smart education, job satisfaction and CSR) facing businesses. There is an acute need for supporting businesses for efficiently managing these economic, social and environmental issues. Can Big Data be a panacea here? 
    • Editorial: How to develop a quality research article and avoid a journal desk rejection

      Dwivedi, Yogesh Kumar; Hughes, Laurie; Cheung, Christy M.K.; Conboy, Kieran; Duan, Yanqing; Dubey, Rameshwar; Janssen, Marijn; Jones, Paul; Sigala, Marianna; Viglia, Giampaolo; et al. (Elsevier, 2021-09-21)
      The desk rejection of submitted articles can be a hugely frustrating and demotivating process from the perspective of the researcher, but equally, a time-consuming and vital step in the process for the Editor, tasked with selecting appropriate articles that meet the required criteria for further review and scrutiny. The feedback from journal Editors within this editorial, highlights the significant gaps in understanding from many academics of the journal assessment process and acceptance criteria for progression to the review stage. This editorial offers a valuable “lived-in” perspective on the desk rejection process through the lens of the Editor, via the differing views of nine leading journal Editors. Each Editor articulates their own perspectives on the many reasons for desk rejection, offering key insight to researchers on how to align their submissions to the specific journal requirements and required quality criteria, whilst demonstrating relevance and contribution to theory and practice. This editorial develops a succinct summary of the key findings from the differing Editor perspectives, offering a timely contribution of significant value and benefit to academics and industry researchers alike.
    • Editorial: Recent advances in 2020 2nd International Symposium on Big Data and Artificial Intelligence

      Crabbe, M. James C.; Li, Rita Yi Man; Dong, Rebecca Kechen; Manta, Otilia; Comite, Ubaldo; Oxford University; Hong Kong Shue Yan University; University of South Australia; Romanian-American University; University Giustino Fortunato (Association for Computing Machinery., 2021-01-16)
      The 2020 2nd International Symposium on Big Data and Artificial Intelligence was held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from October 15 - 16, 2020. It was organized by IETI, IDSAI, the University of Johannesburg (South Africa) and JRFM, with joint support from the Real Estate and Economics Research Lab of Hong Kong Shue Yan University, the Sustainable Real Estate Research Center of Hong Kong Shue Yan University, Shandong University of Finance and Economics (Mainland China), Guilin University of Technology (Mainland China), IAOE (Austria), the Department of Sport and Physical Education of Hong Kong Baptist University, Rattanakosin International College of Creative Entrepreneurship of Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin (Thailand), Algebra University College (Croatia), and the Center for Financial and Monetary Research of Romanian Academy (Romania), University Giustino Fortunato (Italy). ISBDAI is there to discuss the challenges and possible solutions to these important issues. The conference focused on Artificial Intelligence, Computer Science, Cloud Computing, Big Data, the Internet of Things and the Mobile Web. The participants and speakers were from many countries and universities, including Mainland China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Romania, Italy, Singapore, Austria, Croatia, Australia, UK, Congo King, Portugal and Cyprus. The conference received a record 505 submissions, with 115 papers accepted for presentation. Positive recommendations of at least two reviewers were considered by the conference committees for acceptance of manuscripts. The Editors express a special gratitude to all the Committee Members and ACM-ICPS, who worked so speedily, efficiently, and professionally in support of the conference. Finally, on behalf of the Organizing Committee, we would like to thank all the authors, speakers, and participants for contributing to the success of ISBDAI 2020.
    • Editorial: Sedentary behaviour in human health and disease

      Bailey, Daniel Paul; University of Bedfordshire (Frontiers Media, 2017-11-07)
    • Education for democratic citizenship in Ireland

      Butler, Cathal (Taylor and Francis, 2019-12-17)
      This chapter explores the complex historical, political and religious context that frame discussions around citizenship and democracy within education in Ireland, as an independent nation, and as a member of the European Union. What it means to be a citizen in Ireland will be explored.The focus is primarily on the Republic of Ireland, though issues that arise in Northern Ireland will also be covered. The chapter will focus on curriculum subject areas that touch on citizenship and democracy, past and present. The extent to which policy and practice can map onto the key concepts set out in the Council of Europe's framework of competences for democratic culture will be explored, with a specific focus on the extent to which teachers are trained to be able to teach these subjects.
    • Education for offenders in prison

      Crabbe, M. James C.; University of Bedfordshire; University of Oxford (University of Bedfordshire, 2016-11)
      Prisoners are a group of people often forgotten or ignored by society as a whole. Yet recidivism (reoffending) is a serious drain on resources worldwide, and tackling it has been the subject of much research and policy development. Education in secure environments and beyond helps offenders, reduces recidivism and improves employability. Here, we address current and future pathways in offender education, involving Information Technology and offender-led learning. These issues have been studied in the Coates Review (2016), which should be an important breakthrough in improving education in prisons, and effecting culture change about prisoner education in and beyond prisons.
    • Education, knowledge, and symbolic form

      Belas, Oliver; University of Bedfordshire (2017-12-20)
      This article aims to introduce Ernst Cassirer, and his philosophy of symbolic form, to education studies, and, in doing so, to challenge the widespread but deeply flawed views of knowledge and so-called knowledge-based education that have shaped recent education policy in England. After sketching the current educational landscape, and then some of the main lines of flight in Cassirer’s work, time is given to a comparison with Heidegger—a more familiar figure by far in Anglophone philosophy than Cassirer, and who contributed to the displacement of Cassirer—in order to illustrate more clearly Cassirer’s original contribution, in particular to the relationship between knowledge and time. Cassirer’s view of knowledge stands in marked and critical contrast to that which has shaped recent educational reform in England, as he sees knowledge as a productive and expressive matter, and repudiates what I call the ‘building-blocks’ picture of knowledge and the hierarchisation of subject areas.
    • The educator’s role in Higher Education: position papers from a project of the Special Interest Group Higher Education of the Worshipful Company of Educators

      Crabbe, M. James C.; Löwe, Benedikt; Weaver, M. (2018-12-20)
      The Company of Educators was set up in the year 2017 and currently has over thirty members who are Freemen and Liverymen of the company interested in Higher Education, Higher Education policy, research, and research training. Topics of interest include educational methods and concepts for universities, training of doctoral students, training of skills relevant for higher education; mentoring and career development of junior academics. The group is chaired by Benedikt Löwe. So far, the SIGHE had two meetings, one at Christ's College, Cambridge, on 3 November 2017 and one at New College, Oxford, on 20 January 2018. During these meetings, SIGHE decided on a number of projects that would define and inform the discussion of the members of the group. The first project, entitled The educator’s role in Higher Education: What distinguishes it from other educational sectors?, is coordinated by James Crabbe and Max Weaver. The two coordinators have produced two position papers that constitute this document. The position papers are to be seen as personal statements of their respective authors rather than a description of the position of the SIGHE, let alone the company. They are supposed to provoke useful reflection and discussion. The authors of the papers encourage readers to contact them directly and discuss the content of the papers.