• Fabrication and transfer printing of periodic Pt nanonetwork gratings

      Yu, Miao; Li, Li; Wu, Xiaomin; Song, Yingying; Liu, Jinyun; Wang, Zuobin; Changchun University of Science and Technology; University of Bedfordshire (AIP Publishing, 2020-03-13)
      Metal nanonetworks are applied in various applications, such as biomedicine, bionic materials, optical materials, and new energy materials. Here, periodic variable-sized Pt nanonetwork gratings (PtNGs) are fabricated on the surface of a Pt/Si substrate with single pulse two-beam direct laser interference lithography. The fabricated PtNGs are transferred onto the surface of a glass substrate with polymethyl methacrylate as the transfer mediator. Exposure with different film thicknesses, contrasts, and intensity distributions of the laser interference spot is analyzed, and the formation of nanopatterns is explained. Results show that with the change in the thicknesses of the Pt film, the exposed structures present Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs), Pt gratings, and PtNGs. The morphology and the feature size of the PtNGs are influenced by intensity distributions and the contrast of the laser interference spot significantly.
    • Fabrication of biomimetic superhydrophobic and anti-icing Ti6Al4V alloy surfaces by direct laser interference lithography and hydrothermal treatment

      Liu, Ri; Chi, Zhengdong; Cao, Liang; Weng, Zhankun; Wang, Lu; Li, Li; Saeed, Sadaf; Lian, Zhongxu; Wang, Zuobin; Changchun University of Science and Technology; et al. (Elsevier, 2020-08-17)
      Nature gives us a large number of inspirations in designing functional materials. Many plant leaves with self-cleaning properties are ubiquitous in nature. These plants have hierarchical structures, which have extreme repellency to liquids and have considerable technical potential in various applications. Herein, we present a method for fabricating bionic taro leaf surfaces by direct laser interference lithography (DLIL) and hydrothermal treatment. The micro-pillar array structure (MPA) was fabricated by DLIL, and a layer of nano-grass structure (NG) was grown on it by hydrothermal treatment. Experiments indicate that the hierarchical composite structures not only have a satisfactory superhydrophobic function with the apparent contact angle (CA) of 172° and sliding angle (SA) of 4°, but also have a strong anti-icing ability with the delay time (DT) of 3723 s. The method is simple and high-efficient for fabricating bionic self-cleaning and anti-icing surfaces.
    • Fabrication of hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoparticles using electrochemical deposition

      Meng, Qing-Ling; Wang, Zuobin; Chai, Xiangyu; Weng, Zhankun; Ding, Ran; Dong, Litong; Changchun University of Science and Technology (Elsevier, 2016-02-04)
      In this work, cathodic electrochemical deposition was proposed to fabricate reproducible and homogeneous hematite (α-Fe 2 O 3 ) nanoparticles on indium-tin-oxide (ITO) films. The α-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles, which were quasi-hexagonally shaped, were deposited in an aqueous mixture of FeCl 2 and FeCl 3 at the temperatures 16.5 °C, 40 °C and 60 °C. The electrochemically deposited α-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles showed excellent stability and good crystallinity. The α-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles were characterized by Raman spectroscope and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). A scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to measure the size and shape of the nanoparticles. The experiment results have shown that the size and shape of nanoparticles were determined by electrochemical deposition conditions including the deposition time, current density, reaction temperature and solution concentration. The proposed electrochemical deposition method has been proven to be a cost-effective, environment friendly and highly efficient approach in fabricating well decentralized α-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles for different potential applications.
    • Fabrication of hierarchical moth-eye structures with durable superhydrophobic property for ultrabroadband visual and mid-infrared applications

      Dong, Litong; Zhang, Ziang; Wang, Lu; Weng, Zhankun; Ouyang, Mingzhao; Fu, Yuegang; Wang, Jiake; Li, Dayou; Wang, Zuobin; Changchun University of Science and Technology; et al. (Optical Society of America, 2019-08-20)
      Multifunctional antireflective coatings have practical applications as important optical components in many fields, particularly for optical devices and imaging systems. However, a good antireflection application in the visible region is often unsatisfactory for mid-infrared devices, and the difficulty in obtaining multiple capabilities simultaneously is one of the main factors limiting their applications. In this work, hierarchical moth-eye structures with superhydrophobicity were fabricated via inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching (ICP-RIE) using nanodisk-array masks, which were formed by three-beam laser interference lithography (LIL), for improving the ultra-broadband optical properties. The uniform antireflection efficiency, which was close to 1% reflectivity covering over the visible and mid-infrared wavelength range, was exhibited by the moth-eye structures with high-quality pillar arrays. Additionally, irregular nanostructures were tailored onto the top of the pillars to generate hierarchical moth-eye structures for simultaneously obtaining both the superhydrophobic and anticorrosive properties. The fabricated antireflective structures, with the features of self-cleaning and durability, have the advantage of being for long-term use in harsh environments.
    • Fabrication of moth-eye structures on silicon by direct six-beam laser interference lithography

      Xu, Jia; Wang, Zuobin; Zhang, Ziang; Wang, Dapeng; Weng, Zhankun; Changchun University of Science and Technology; University of Bedfordshire (American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014-05-22)
      This paper presents a new method for the generation of cross-scale laser interference patterns and the fabrication of moth-eye structures on silicon. In the method, moth-eye structures were produced on a surface of silicon wafer using direct six-beam laser interference lithography to improve the antireflection performance of the material surface. The periodic dot arrays of the moth-eye structures were formed due to the ablation of the irradiance distribution of interference patterns on the wafer surface. The shape, size, and distribution of the moth-eye structures can be adjusted by controlling the wavelength, incidence angles, and exposure doses in a direct six-beam laser interference lithography setup. The theoretical and experimental results have shown that direct six-beam laser interference lithography can provide a way to fabricate cross-scale moth-eye structures for antireflection applications. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
    • Fabrication of periodically micropatterned magnetite nanoparticles by laser-interference-controlled electrodeposition

      Wang, Lu; Dong, Litong; Li, Li; Weng, Zhankun; Xu, Hongmei; Yu, Miao; Wang, Zuobin; Changchun University of Science and Technology (Springer US, 2017-11-09)
      This paper introduces a laser-interference-controlled electrochemical deposition method for direct fabrication of periodically micropatterned magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs). In this work, Fe3O4 NPs were controllably synthesized on the areas where the photoconductive electrode was exposed to the periodically patterned interferometric laser irradiation during the electrodeposition. Thus, the micropattern of Fe3O4 NPs was controlled by interferometric laser pattern, and the crystallization of the particles was controlled by laser interference intensity and electrochemical deposition conditions. The bottom-up electrochemical approach was combined with a top-down laser interference methodology. This maskless method allows for in situ fabrication of periodically patterned magnetite NPs on the microscale by electrodeposition under room temperature and atmospheric pressure conditions. In the experiment, Fe3O4 NPs with the mean grain size below 100 nm in the pattern of 5-lm line array were achieved within the deposition time of 100 s. The experiment results have shown that the proposed method is a one-step approach in fabricating large areas of periodically micropatterned magnetite NPs.
    • Fabrication of Pt nanowires with a diffraction-unlimited feature size by high-threshold lithography

      Li, Li; Wang, Zuobin; Li, Wenjun; Peng, Kuiqing; Zhang, Ziang; Yu, Miao; Song, Zhengxun; Weng, Zhankun; Wang, Dapeng; Zhao, Le; et al. (American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015-09-29)
      Although the nanoscale world can already be observed at a diffraction-unlimited resolution using far-field optical microscopy, to make the step from microscopy to lithography still requires a suitable photoresist material system. In this letter, we consider the threshold to be a region with a width characterized by the extreme feature size obtained using a Gaussian beam spot. By narrowing such a region through improvement of the threshold sensitization to intensity in a high-threshold material system, the minimal feature size becomes smaller. By using platinum as the negative photoresist, we demonstrate that high-threshold lithography can be used to fabricate nanowire arrays with a scalable resolution along the axial direction of the linewidth from the micro- to the nanoscale using a nanosecond-pulsed laser source with a wavelength λ0 = 1064 nm. The minimal feature size is only several nanometers (sub λ0/100). Compared with conventional polymer resist lithography, the advantages of high-threshold lithography are sharper pinpoints of laser intensity triggering the threshold response and also higher robustness allowing for large area exposure by a less-expensive nanosecond-pulsed laser.
    • Fabrication of silicon nanostripe structures by laser-interference-induced backward transfer technique

      Wang, Zuobin; Jiang, Xuke; Weng, Zhankun; Cao, Liang; Zhang, Qinhan; Liu, Ri; Li, Li; Chu, Xueying; Xu, Hongmei; Song, Zhengxun; et al. (Elsevier, 2019-05-29)
      The laser-interference-induced backward transfer (LIIBT) that occurred during the nanostripe structuring of materials, performed by two-beam laser interference at the ITO glass/silicon wafer system under a normal atmospheric environment. The results showed that the nanostripe structures with nanoparticles (NPs) can be obtained at the laser fluence of 65–95 mJ·cm−2 for the laser duration of 100 and 200 pulses, respectively. The EDX analysis revealed that the silicon element was transferred on the surface of the nanostripe structures. In addition, Raman spectra with the peaks at ~520 cm−1 verified that the crystalline silicon was deposited on the nanostripe structures during the LIIBT process. Furthermore, the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum with the peak at ~395 nm belongs to the In2O3 nanostructure at the laser fluence of 45 mJ·cm−2 for 200 pulses. The peak at ~405 nm corresponds to the silicon nanostructures and it is covered by SiO at the laser fluence of 75 mJ·cm−2 for 200 pulses. The LIIBT shown here would greatly reduce the complexity in the fabrication of the nanostripe structures and give an impetus to the laser-induced backward transfer.
    • Fabrication of three-dimensional Si-Au hierarchical nanostructures by laser interference lithography

      Dong, Litong; Wang, Lu; Liu, Mengnan; Yu, Miao; Wang, Zuobin; Zhang, Ziang; Li, Dayou; Changchun University of Science and Technology; University of Bedfordshire (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018-11-29)
      This paper reports a method for the fabrication of 3D Si-Au hierarchical nanostructures to improve the optical performances through four-beam laser interference lithography (LIL) and inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching. The 3D Si-Au hierarchical nanostructures were composed of silicon tapered pillar arrays, Au grids, and Au islands, and they demonstrated wide-angle antireflective properties less than 25% reflection in the entire visible wavelengths. In addition, many special properties could be obtained by displacing the islands and grid of the hierarchical structure with other metal material due to the flexibility of LIL and ICP etching.
    • Fabrication of TiO2 nanowire arrays using laser interference lithography aided hydrothermal method

      Ning, Xiao-Hui; Meng, Qing-Ling; Li, Li; Han, Yong-Lu; Zhou, Dong-Yang; Cao, Liang; Weng, Zhankun; Ding, Ran; Wang, Zuobin; Changchun University of Science and Technology; et al. (IEEE, 2018-02-08)
      Titanium dioxide (TÍO 2 ) is one of the most widely investigated semiconductor materials because of its unique properties. TiO 2 nanowire arrays can be synthesized through a two-step method, the fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates were ablated using laser interference lithography technology, and TiO 2 nanowire arrays grown on the patterned FTO substrates. The TiO 2 nanowire arrays were characterized by SEM and XRD measurements. This work provides a high efficient method for the fabrication of ordered TiO 2 nanowire arrays for different applications in highly functionalized assemblies and composites.
    • The face of early cognitive decline? Shape and asymmetry predict choice reaction time independent of age, diet or exercise

      Brown, William Michael; Usacka, Agnese; University of Bedfordshire (MDPI, 2019-10-29)
      Slower reaction time is a measure of cognitive decline and can occur as early as 24 years of age. We are interested if developmental stability predicts cognitive performance independent of age and lifestyle (e.g., diet and exercise). Developmental stability is the latent capacity to buffer ontogenetic stressors and is measured by low fluctuating asymmetry (FA). FA is random – with respect to largest side – departures from perfect morphological symmetry. Degree of asymmetry has been associated with physical fitness, morbidity and mortality in many species, including humans. We expected that low FA (independent of age, diet and exercise) will predict faster choice reaction time (i.e., correct keyboard responses to stimuli appearing in a random location on a computer monitor). Eighty-eight university students self-reported their fish product consumption, exercise, had their faces 3D scanned and cognitive performance measured. Unexpectedly, increased fish product consumption was associated with worsened choice reaction time. Facial asymmetry and multiple face shape variation parameters predicted slower choice reaction time independent of sex, age, diet or exercise. Future work should develop longitudinal interventions to minimize early cognitive decline among vulnerable people (e.g., those who have experienced ontogenetic stressors affecting optimal neurocognitive development). 
    • Face-to-face versus online tutoring support in distance education

      Price, Linda; Richardson, John T.E.; Jelfs, Anne; Open University (Routledge, 2007-02-14)
      The experiences of students taking the same course by distance learning were compared when tutorial support was provided conventionally (using limited face-to-face sessions with some contact by telephone and email) or online (using a combination of computer-mediated conferencing and email). Study 1 was a quantitative survey using an adapted version of the Course Experience Questionnaire and the Revised Approaches to Studying Inventory. Study 2 was another quantitative survey using the Academic Engagement Form. Study 3 was an interview-based examination of the students? conceptions of tutoring and tuition. In all three studies, the students receiving online tuition reported poorer experiences than those receiving face-to-face tuition. Study 3 showed that tutoring was seen not only as an academic activity but also as a highly valued pastoral activity. To make online tuition successful both tutors and students need training in how to communicate online in the absence of paralinguistic cues.
    • Facilitating agency: the change laboratory as an intervention for collaborative sustainable development in higher education

      Englund, Claire; Price, Linda (Routledge, 2018-06-06)
      To cope with the rapidly changing higher education climate, teachers need agency to act proactively in initiating and steering changes in practice. This paper describes an academic development activity in the form of a Change Laboratory, an intervention method based on Cultural-Historical Activity Theory, to facilitate agency among teachers. The results of the study indicate that transformative agency emerges when teachers are given the opportunity to analyse, envision, and redesign their practice collaboratively. This has implications for academic development, suggesting that activities facilitating discussion, analysis, and criticism of current practices are needed to support the development of agency.
    • Facilitators and barriers of implementing and delivering social prescribing services: a systematic review

      Pescheny, Julia Vera; Pappas, Yannis; Randhawa, Gurch; University of Bedfordshire (BioMed Central, 2018-02-07)
      BACKGROUND: Social Prescribing is a service in primary care that involves the referral of patients with non-clinical needs to local services and activities provided by the third sector (community, voluntary, and social enterprise sector). Social Prescribing aims to promote partnership working between the health and the social sector to address the wider determinants of health. To date, there is a weak evidence base for Social Prescribing services. The objective of the review was to identify factors that facilitate and hinder the implementation and delivery of SP services based in general practice involving a navigator. METHODS: We searched eleven databases, the grey literature, and the reference lists of relevant studies to identify the barriers and facilitators to the implementation and delivery of Social Prescribing services in June and July 2016. Searches were limited to literature written in English. No date restrictions were applied. Findings were synthesised narratively, employing thematic analysis. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool Version 2011 was used to evaluate the methodological quality of included studies. RESULTS: Eight studies were included in the review. The synthesis identified a range of factors that facilitate and hinder the implementation and delivery of SP services. Facilitators and barriers were related to: the implementation approach, legal agreements, leadership, management and organisation, staff turnover, staff engagement, relationships and communication between partners and stakeholders, characteristics of general practices, and the local infrastructure. The quality of most included studies was poor and the review identified a lack of published literature on factors that facilitate and hinder the implementation and delivery of Social Prescribing services. CONCLUSION: The review identified a range of factors that facilitate and hinder the implementation and delivery of Social Prescribing services. Findings of this review provide an insight for commissioners, managers, and providers to guide the implementation and delivery of future Social Prescribing services. More high quality research and transparent reporting of findings is needed in this field
    • "Les facteurs wow : l’évaluation dans les disciplines médiatiques et de création" Chapitre 9, Diane Leduc et Sebastien Beland (sous la direction), Regards sur l'évaluation des apprentissages en arts à l'enseigne; Presses de l'Université du Québec.

      Gordon, Janey (Presses de l'Université du Québec., 2017-11-15)
      Résumé CHAPITRE 9 Les facteurs wow :  l’évaluation  dans  les  disciplines  médiatiques  et  de  création49 Janey Gordon Ce chapitre suggère que, dans les médias appliqués  et  d’autres  disciplines  créatives, les facteurs wow ont une place  légitime  dans  les  critères  d’évaluation, mais que même si la formation des étudiants est orientée vers les industries de la création, les enseignants doivent néanmoins  veiller  à  l’intégration  de   ces facteurs.. Trois aspects  distincts  dans  les  procédures  d’évaluation au sein de ces domaines sont présentés et les références qualitatives en vigueur au Royaume-Uni pour les disciplines artistiques sont examinées, les critères de référence en musique étant vus comme particulièrement inspirants. Trois pratiques sont  proposées  comme  moyens  d’inciter  les  étudiants à vivre dangereusement lors de leurs évaluations pratiques. Le chapitre conclut que les médias appliqués et autres domaines créatifs impliquent un certain nombre de compétences et de qualités qui requerront  des  procédures  d’évaluation plus subtiles que des cases à cocher et des critères sommatifs.
    • Factors affecting active participation in B2B online communities: an empirical investigation

      Gharib, Rebwar Kamal; Philpott, Elly; Duan, Yanqing; University of Bedfordshire (Elsevier, 2016-11-22)
      There is a lack of understanding on the factors affecting active participation in Business-to-Business (B2B) Online Communities (OC). To address this gap, we developed a model based on two theories: Social Exchange Theory and the Information Systems Success Model. The model was validated by using survey data collected from 40 B2B discussion forums on LinkedIn (n = 521). Our work made a number of significant contributions including an integrated model of factors affecting active participation in B2B OCs and a new validated measure for active participation. Further, we proposed several guidelines which assist B2B OC providers in building and maintaining successful communitities.
    • Factors affecting consumers’ purchase intention of eco-friendly food in China: the evidence from respondents in Beijing

      He, Qile; Duan, Yanqing; Wang, Ruowei; Fu, Zetian; Coventry University; University of Bedfordshire; China Agricultural University (Wiley, 2019-05-07)
      The purpose aims to examine the key factors influencing Chinese consumer’s purchasing behaviour of eco-friendly food in China giving its context as an emerging economy and its rapidly rising importance in the world eco-friendly food market. This paper adopts and extends the Responsible Environmental Behaviour (REB) theory by empirically testing key psycho-social factors influencing the purchase intention of eco-friendly food and the moderating effects of consumers’ demographic characteristics on the relationship between the key psycho-social factors and the purchase intention.  A number of hypotheses are proposed. A questionnaire was designed and distributed via online survey in Beijing, China.  A total of 239 valid responses were received. The empirical data was used to test the research hypotheses using the hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The research finds that the personality factors in the REB model (i.e., pro-environmental attitudes, the internal locus of control and personal responsibly) have significant positive effects on the consumers’ eco-friendly food purchase intention. Such effect is stable across consumers with different income levels. On the other hand, the knowledge-skill factors in the REB model do not have significant effect on the purchase intention of consumers. This study contributes to a better understanding of factors affecting eco-friendly food consumption intention in China and the behavioural characteristics of consumers in developing countries. Moreover, the findings also shed light on the applicability of the REB theory in emerging economies and a specific industrial context.
    • Factors affecting targeted sequencing of 353 nuclear genes from herbarium specimens spanning the diversity of angiosperms

      Brewer, Grace E.; Clarkson, James J.; Maurin, Olivier; Zuntini, Alexandre R.; Barber, Vanessa; Bellot, Sidonie; Biggs, Nicola; Cowan, Robyn S.; Davies, Nina M.; Dodsworth, Steven; et al. (Frontiers, 2019-09-12)
      The world’s herbaria collectively house millions of diverse plant specimens, including endangered or extinct species and type specimens. Unlocking genetic data from the typically highly degraded DNA obtained from herbarium specimens was difficult until the arrival of high-throughput sequencing approaches, which can be applied to low quantities of severely fragmented DNA. Target enrichment involves using short molecular probes that hybridise and capture genomic regions of interest for high-throughput sequencing. In this study on herbariomics, we used this targeted sequencing approach and the Angiosperms353 universal probe set to recover up to 351 nuclear genes from 435 herbarium specimens that are up to 204 years old and span the breadth of angiosperm diversity. We show that on average 207 genes were successfully retrieved from herbarium specimens, although the mean number of genes retrieved and target enrichment efficiency is significantly higher for silica gel-dried specimens. Forty-seven target nuclear genes were recovered from a herbarium specimen of the critically endangered St Helena boxwood, Mellissia begoniifolia, collected in 1815. Herbarium specimens yield significantly less high molecular weight DNA than silica gel-dried specimens, and genomic DNA quality declines with sample age which is negatively correlated with target enrichment efficiency. Climate, taxon-specific traits, and collection strategies additionally impact target sequence recovery. We also detected taxonomic bias in targeted sequencing outcomes for the 10 most numerous angiosperm families that were investigated in depth. We recommend that 1) for species distributed in wet tropical climates, silica gel-dried specimens should be used preferentially, 2) for species distributed in seasonally dry tropical climates, herbarium and silica gel-dried specimens yield similar results, and either collection can be used, 3) taxon specific traits should be explored and established for effective optimisation of taxon-specific studies using herbarium specimens, 4) all herbarium sheets should, in future, be annotated with details of the preservation method used, 5) long-term storage of herbarium specimens should be in stable low humidity and low temperature environments, and 6) targeted sequencing with universal probes, such as Angiosperms353 should be investigated closely as a new approach for DNA barcoding that will ensure better exploitation of herbarium specimens than traditional Sanger sequencing approaches.
    • Factors associated with the implementation of non-pharmaceutical interventions for reducing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a systematic review

      Regmi, Krishna; Lwin, Cho Mar; University of Bedfordshire; University of Dundee; University of Medicine Mandalay (MDPI, 2021-04-17)
      There has been much discussion recently about the importance of implementing nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to protect the public from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) infection. Different governments across the world have adopted NPIs (e.g., social distancing, quarantine, isolation, lockdowns, curfews, travel restrictions, closures of schools and colleges). Two fundamental strategies, namely a strict containment strategy—also called suppression strategy— and a mitigation strategy have been adopted in different countries, mainly to reduce the reproduction number (R) to below one and hence to reduce case numbers to low levels or eliminate humanto-human transmission, as well as to use NPIs to interrupt transmission completely and to reduce the health impact of epidemics, respectively. However, the adoption of these NPI strategies is varied and the factors impacting NPI are inconsistent and unclear. This study, therefore, aimed to review the factors associated with the implementation of NPIs (social distancing, social isolation and quarantine) for reducing COVID-19. Following PRISMA guidelines, we searched for published and unpublished studies, undertaking a systematic search of: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Allied and Complementary Medicine, COVID-19 Research, WHO database on COVID-19, and Google Scholar. Thirtythree studies were included in the study. Seven descriptive themes emerged on enablers and barriers to NPIs: the positive impact of NPIs, effective public health interventions, positive change in people’s behaviour and concerns about COVID-19, the role of mass media, physical and psychological impacts, and ethnicity/age associated with COVID-19. This study has highlighted that the effectiveness of NPIs in isolation is likely to be limited, therefore, a combination of multiple measures e.g., SD, isolation and quarantine, and workplace distancing appeared more effective in reducing COVID-19. Studies suggest that targeted approaches alongside social distancing might be the way forward, and more acceptable. Further research to promote country- and context-specific adoption of NPIs to deliver public health measures is needed. Studies comparing the effectiveness of interventions and strategies will help provide more evidence for future pandemics.
    • Factors impacting social distancing measures for preventing coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]: a systematic review

      Regmi, Krishna; Lwin, Cho Mar (Research Square, 2020-06-23)
      This is a preprint. Preprints are preliminary reports that have not undergone peer review. They should not be considered conclusive, used to inform clinical practice, or referenced by the media as validated information. Background: Social distancing measures (SDMs) protect the health of the public from coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection. However, the impact of SDMs has been inconsistent and unclear. This study aims to review the factors impacting SDMs (e.g. isolation, quarantine) for reducing the transmission of COVID-19. Methods: A systematic review was conducted. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Allied & Complementary Medicine, COVID-19 Research and WHO database on COVID-19 for primary studies assessing the enablers and barriers associated with SDMs, and reported in accordance with PRISMA statement. We used JBI Critical Appraisal Checklist for the cross-sectional survey and Qualitative Research to assess the methodological qualities and synthesised performing thematic analysis. Two reviewers independently screened the papers and extracted data. Results: A total of 1235 citations were identified, of which 16 were found to be relevant. The studies reported in two broad categories, under seven separate themes: positive impact of SDMs, effective public health interventions, positive change in people’s behaviour, worries and concerns about COVID-19, roles of mass media, physical and psychological impacts, and ethnicity/age associated with COVID-19. Conclusion: The identified evidence signals that SDMs are generally effective for preventing or reducing transmission. There is a scope and need to find the best methods and approaches at the primary healthcare level in terms of developing objective measures and interventions to establish the link between different factors and SDMs and reducing transmission of COVID-19 trend effectively, efficiently and equitably.