• UK companies’ initiatives to reduce CO2 emissions in logistics operations

      Bentley, Yongmei (The European Operations Management Association, 2016-06-01)
    • UK company strategies in reducing carbon dioxide emissions

      Bentley, Yongmei; University of Bedfordshire (Academy of Business and Retail Management, 2016-07-01)
      This study investigated a number of large UK companies’ strategies in reducing emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) in their supply chain operations. In-depth interviews were conducted with logistics/supply chain (SC) managers across different sectors. The research identified the main CO2 reduction strategies, and examined these in the light of existing literature in the research domain. One of the key findings was that there was a strong tension between cost reduction (identified as the major driver for reducing CO2) and lack of resources (the main barrier). It was also found that most CO2 reduction strategies had started only fairly recently, and so far, were mainly operational and tactical in nature. This study makes an empirical contribution to a better understanding of how companies form their CO2 reduction strategies in response to environmental pressures. It has implications for policy makers in terms of how to motivate logistics/SC managers to implement strategies to reduce the environmental impact of CO2 emissions in their business operations. Therefore, it is recommended that logistics/SC managers develop and implement practical initiatives and strategies to reduce CO2 emissions, and to embed these into corporate strategy.
    • UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on: synthesis of the key findings

      Anger, A.; Baker, J.; Bateman, I.; Bentley, S.; Blyth, N.; Bowles-Newark, N.; Brown, C.; Brown, I.; Byrne, J.; Church, Andrew; et al. (UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK, 2014-01-01)
    • UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on: work package report 5: cultural ecosystem services and indicators

      Church, Andrew; Fish, Rob; Haines-Young, Roy; Mourato, S.; Tratalos, Jamie A.; Stapleton, L.M.; Willis, Cheryl; Coates, P.; Gibbons, Simon; Leyshon, C.; et al. (UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK, 2014-01-01)
    • UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on: work package report 6: shared, plural and cultural values of ecosystems

      Kenter, Jasper O.; Reed, Mark S.; Irvine, Katherin N.; O'Brien, E.; Brady, Emily; Bryce, Ros; Christie, Michael; Church, Andrew; Cooper, Nigel; Davies, Althea; et al. (UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK, 2014-01-01)
    • The UK National Ecosystem Assessment technical report

      Church, Andrew; UNEP-WCMC (UK National Ecosystem Assessment, 2011-06-01)
    • UK National Ecosystem Assessment: understanding nature's value to society: synthesis of key findings

      Aspinall, R.; Austen, M.; Bardgett, R.; Bateman, I.; Berry, P.; Bird, W.; Bradbury, R.; Brown, C.; Bullock, J.; Burgess, Jacquelin; et al. (UNEP-WCMC, 2011-06-01)
    • UK Pakistani views on the adverse health risks associated with consanguineous marriages

      Ajaz, Mubasshir; Ali, Nasreen; Randhawa, Gurch; University of Bedfordshire (Springer Verlag, 2015-02-06)
      This is a qualitative study exploring the perceptions of members from the Pakistani/Kashmiri community living in Luton, UK, on the adverse health risks associated with consanguineous marriages. Rates of stillbirths and infant mortality are higher than the national average in Luton and the existing evidence base suggests that these higher rates may be associated with consanguinity (especially first cousin marriages) in highly consanguineous populations, such as the Pakistani/Kashmiri ethnic group. This qualitative study included 9 focus groups and 10 one to one in-depth interviews (n = 58) with members from the Pakistani/Kashmiri community in Luton during 2012. Audio-recorded transcripts were analysed using framework analysis. Emerging themes included a limited knowledge, opposition to evidence and need for a more culturally sensitive health services approach. Findings from the focus group and interview discussions indicated that participants had a limited and varied understanding of genetic risk and indicated a lack of discussion within the community regarding genetic risk. They also opposed evidence that may link consanguineous marriages with infant mortality, stillbirth or genetic disorders that led to disability. The participants stressed the need for culturally sensitive and locally constructed services for information on genetic risk and services. These findings may be used to address higher rates of infant mortality and adverse health impacts associated with higher rates of consanguinity in Luton and elsewhere, through a partnership approach, improve upon current services and develop culturally appropriate services.
    • UK Polish migrant attitudes toward deceased organ donation: findings from a pilot study

      Sharp, Chloe; Randhawa, Gurch (Springer New York LLC, 2014-07-03)
      There is a critical shortage of transplantable organs in the UK. At present, there is no literature on Polish migrants’ (the fastest growing community in the UK) attitudes toward organ donation. This is the first study to explore the views of the Polish community towards organ donation in the UK. There were 31 participants that took part in semi-structured interviews or small focus groups to discuss organ donation for approximately 1½–2 h. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using grounded theory methods to elicit thematic categories and sub-categories. Overall, participants had a positive attitude towards organ donation but demonstrated a lack of knowledge about the organ donation systems and processes in the UK and wanted to learn more about these issues. As little detailed data on ethnicity is collected on the NHS Organ Donor Register and on the active transplant waiting list, it is currently unclear as to how organ donation affects the Polish community living in the UK. However, the findings of the study highlight the Polish community could benefit from tailored education for a clearer understanding of organ donation processes and systems in the UK and registering as an organ donor.
    • UKNEAFO work package report 6: shared, plural and cultural values of ecosystems – summary

      Kenter, Jasper O.; Reed, Mark S.; Irvine, Katherin N.; O'Brien, Liz; Brady, Emily; Bryce, Ros; Christie, Michael; Church, Andrew; Cooper, Nigel; Davies, Althea; et al. (UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK, 2014-01-01)
    • Ultra wideband antenna diversity characterisation for off-body communications in an indoor environment

      Ur-Rehman, Masood; Abbasi, Qammer Hussain; Qaraqe, Khalid; Chattha, Hassan Tariq; Alomainy, Akram; Hao, Yang; Parini, Clive G.; Queen Mary College; University of Bedfordshire; University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014-11-13)
      In this paper radio channel characterisation and level system modeling for ultra wideband (UWB) in vivo communication is presented at different distances and angle between the the implant and the on-body node. Path loss is calculated for different scenarios and time delay analysis is performed. In addition, UWB-OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) based system modeling is used to calculate the bit error rate (BER) performance. Result shows that BER remains less then 1e-3 for almost all cases up to 40 mm spacing between the implant and on-body node, when Eb/No is above 6 dB.
    • Unaccompanied and separated Syrian refugee children: case study of a new feature for social work practice in Jordan

      AlMakhamreh, Sahar Suleiman; Hutchinson, Aisha (2018-06-21)
      While Jordan has hosted many refugees within its borders over the past 70 years, the recent influx of Syrian refugees has significantly increased pressure on an already fragile economic and social landscape. The Jordan Response Plan to Syrian Refugees advocates for emergency response that meets the basic needs of refugees alongside long-term capacity building of Jordanian services and infrastructure; with the Protection Working Group (an inter-agency working group with sub groups on child protection, gender-based violence and mental health) specifically advocating for more social workers. While the role of social workers in working with refugees is relatively well established in destination countries (such as the United States, Canada, Australia, parts of Europe), it is less well established in neighbouring and transition countries – countries which are the ‘first’ responders and host the bulk of refugees. By describing a case study on the role of social workers in a foster care programme for unaccompanied and separated Syrian refugee children in Jordan, we establish the contribution that social workers can make to the multi-disciplinary team to improve the short and long-term well-being of refugees. The paper concludes with a number of policy recommendations.
    • Unaccompanied minors seeking for protection in the European Union: will a fair and adequate asylum system ever see the light?

      Gualco, Elena (National Research Council of Italy, 2016-12-30)
      SUMMARY 1. Introduction. – 2. Coping with an “Enhanced Vulnerability”: the Case of Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Minors. – 3. Accommodating Migrants and Promoting the Development of the Host Country: Two Birds with One Stone? – 4. The Protection of Asylum Seeking Minors in Europe: an Overview. – 4.1. The Protection of Unaccompanied Minors Under the European Convention on Human Rights. – 4.2. The European Union: the Quest to Accommodate and Protect Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Minors. – 5. Rethinking the Common European Asylum System to Provide an Effective Response to the Migration Challenge. – 5.1. The Current Deficiencies of the CEAS and the Struggle to Ensure the Protection of Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Minors. – 5.2. Reforming the CEAS to Foster the Best Interest of the Child: a (Possible) Step Forward. – 6. New Proposals, Old Problems: Will an Adequate Asylum System Ever See the Light? 
    • Uncertainty of Net Present Value calculations and the impact on applying integrated maintenance approaches to the UK rail industry

      Kirkwood, Leigh; Shehab, Essam; Baguley, Paul; Starr, Andrew; Cranfield University (Elsevier, 2015-10-27)
      The Public performance indicator (PPI) is an important Key Performance Indicator for Network Rail and monitored carefully by the organisation and their external stakeholders. Condition monitoring is of increasing interest within network rail as a suitable method for increasing asset reliability and improving the PPI metric. As condition monitoring methods are identified each will need assessment to establish the cost and benefit. Benefit can be measured in cost savings as poor PPI performance results in fines. Within many industries Net Present Value (NPV) calculations are used to determine how quickly investments will break-even. Cost-risk is a term that is used to describe the financial impact of an unexpected event (a risk). This paper outlines a more detailed approach to calculating NPV which considers the cost-risk effect of changes of the denial of service charging rate. NPV prediction is of importance when assessing when to deploy different fault detection strategies to maintenance issues, and therefore the cost-risk of the NPV calculation should be used to support asset management decisions.
    • Under pressure: representations of student suicide in higher education

      Calver, Kay; Michael-Fox, Bethan (Mortality, 2021-10-06)
      This article examines what the representation of university student suicide in three British television documentaries reveals about media constructions of suicide and the pressures young people experience at university. Within these documentaries, student suicide is positioned as a risk endemic in a high pressure, high-cost performance culture. Young students are depicted as stressed and ‘on the edge’, either as a consequence of the academic pressure of university or the coalescence of academic, financial and social pressures. Debates about the responsibility of individuals and the accountability of institutions come to the fore as depictions of students as fully fledged and responsible adults jostle with the notion of students as ‘adults in transition’, at risk and in need of institutions to actively monitor and intervene in their lives. The documentaries offer insight into shifting media constructions of the student from ‘fun loving’ and ‘carefree’ to ‘under pressure’ and ‘at risk’. Within them, student suicide is positioned not only as a profound personal loss, but as an economic loss to a society neglecting its young people.
    • Under-mask beard cover (Singh Thattha technique) for donning respirator masks in COVID-19 patient care

      Singh, R.; Safri, H.S.; Singh, S.; Ubhi, B.S.; Singh, G.; Alg, G.S.; Randhawa, Gurch; Gill, S.; Sikh Doctors & Dentists Association; Sikh Doctors Association; et al. (W.B. Saunders Ltd, 2020-10-03)
      Tight-fitting filtering facepiece (FFP3) face masks are essential respiratory protective equipment during aerosol-generating procedures in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) environment, and require a fit test to assess mask–face seal competency. Facial hair is considered to be an impediment for achieving a competent seal. We describe an under-mask beard cover called the Singh Thattha technique, which obtained a pass rate of 25/27 (92.6%) by qualitative and 5/5 (100%) by quantitative fit test in full-bearded individuals. Sturdier versions of FFP3 were more effective. For individuals for whom shaving is not possible, the Singh Thattha technique could offer an effective solution to safely don respirator masks.
    • Understanding airline organizational attractiveness using interpretive structural modelling

      Vatankhah, Sanaz; Ilkhanizade, Shiva; University of Bedfordshire; Cyprus International University (Akdeniz University, 2021-06-18)
      This study investigates whether and how key components of organizational attractiveness are interrelating to impose the maximum positive impact on the air transportation job market. An expert panel was shaped to gauge judgments regarding the driving power of each criterion over the other. The results of Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) revealed that organizational and job characteristics are the main criteria with the most driving power in the model fostering perceived fit. In addition, corporate branding and corporate social responsibility (CSR) demonstrated the highest dependence on the other criteria. The results were further validated through Impact Matrix Cross-reference Multiplication to a classification (MICMAC). The hierarchical pattern of study findings offers theoretical contributions to the study of organizational attractiveness. Practical implications of the results and study limitations are also provided.