• Women's emancipation and civil society organisations : challenging or maintaining the status quo?

      Schwabenland, Christina; Lange, Chris; Onyx, Jenny; Nakagawa, Sachiko (Policy Press, 2016-10-16)
    • Women's experiences of living with albinism in Taiwan and perspectives on reproductive decision making: a qualitative study

      Huang, Mei-Zen; Chen, Li-Li; Hung, Shu-Ling; Puthussery, Shuby; National Tainan Junior College of Nursing; National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences; University of Bedfordshire (Routledge, 2020-12-21)
      People with Albinism tend to face multiple adverse physical, psychological and social consequences. Very little is known about experiences of women with Albinism and their deliberations whilst making reproductive decisions. This study aimed to explore lived experiences of women with Albinism and to understand their perspectives on reproductive decision making. Qualitative in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten women with Albinism in Taiwan. Five key themes emerged from the accounts which were centred around the sense of discrimination that they felt whilst growing up, their strive for normality, making difficult choices in their reproductive decisions, desire to protect children from harm and reflections of parenting struggles from own experiences and the experiences of their parents. We call for global and national policy makers and practitioners to introduce explicit measures to challenge the myths, stereotypes and prejudices associated with Albinism including specific interventions towards supporting women in pregnancy decision making.
    • Women, suffrage, and Clemence Dane: a game of speculation

      Weedon, Alexis (Cambridge Scholar, 2020-07-03)
      Clemence Dane (1888-1965) was one of the newly enfranchised women eligible to vote for the first time under the suffrage act of 1918. An articulate novelist, actress and sculptor, her writings and speeches about women for magazines and the radio give us an insight into some of the complexities that faced women as they formed opinions on topical issues in the political sphere. In 1926 she collected those articles in a volume putting, as she phrased it, The Women’s Side. In this chapter I look at Dane’s explorations of The Women Question in her 1926 collection The Women’s Side, and in her own novel Legend (1919) her plays Wild Decembers (1932) about the Brontë family and Bill of Divorcement (1921) which can be read as a reflection on the story of Jane Eyre. Her imaginative talent was stimulated by the gaps in biography where the historian had to give ground to the creative artist and she drew on the licence of the actress in the interpretative performance of a personal story to create a narrative of women’s genius. Dane’s adopts the popular card game “Speculation” from Austen's Mansfield Park as a trope to explore the tensions and stresses for women as they left the familiar and expected conventions of Victorian womanhood and took up an uncertain and contested new role in society.
    • Women’s experiences of disrespect and abuse in maternity care facilities in Benue State, Nigeria

      Orpin, Joy; Puthussery, Shuby; Davidson, Rosemary; Burden, Barbara; University of Bedfordshire (SpringerNature, 2018-06-05)
      Background: Disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women in health facilities continues to be a prevailing public health issue in many countries. Studies have reported significantly high prevalence of D&A among women during pregnancy and childbirth in Nigeria, but little is known about women’s perceptions and experiences of D&A during maternity care in the country. The aim of this study was to explore: 1) how women perceived their experiences of D&A during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postnatal period in Benue, Nigeria; and 2) how women viewed the impact of D&A on the future use of health facilities for maternity care. Method:  Five focus group discussions with a sample of 32 women were conducted as part of a qualitative phenomenological study. All the women received maternity care in health facilities in Benue state, Nigeria and had experienced at least one incident of disrespect and abuse. Audio-recorded discussions were transcribed and analysed using a six-stage thematic analysis using NVivo11.  Results: The participants perceived incidents such as being shouted at  and the use of abusive language as a common practice. Women described these incidents as devaluing and dehumanising to their sense of dignity. Some women perceived that professionals did not intend to cause harm by such behaviours. Emerged themes included: (1) ‘normative’ practice; (2) dehumanisation of women; (3) no harm intended and (4) intentions about the use of maternity services in future. The women highlighted the importance of accessing health facilities for safe childbirth and expressed that the experiences of D&A may not impact their intended use of health facilities. However, the accounts reflected their perceptions about the inherent lack of choice and an underlying sense of helplessness.   Conclusion: Incidents of D&A that were perceived as commonplace carry substantial implications for the provision of respectful maternity care in Nigeria and other similar settings.  As a country with one of the highest rates of maternal deaths, the findings point to the need for policy and practice to address the issue urgently through implementing preventive  measures  including empowering women to reinforce their right to be treated with dignity and respect, and sensitising health care professionals.
    • ‘Women’s tales’: postfeminist adventures into consumerville

      Caoduro, Elena; University of Bedfordshire (Vita e Pensiero, 2017-04-30)
      This article examines the project ‘Women’s Tales’, an on-going series of short films that fashion designer Miuccia Prada commissioned from international female directors, among them Lucrecia Martel, Ava DuVernay and Agnès Varda. By situating this endeavour in relation to female agency, authorial expressivity, and consumerism, it is argued that the project conforms to postfeminist media culture for its celebration of feminine bonds, make-over strategies and the use of luxury as a tool for pleasure and empowerment. As a series of fashion films at the interstices of different systems: advertisement and art, film and online media, experimental and mainstream practices, ‘Women’s Tales’ occasionally contain some critical potential, but struggle to challenge existing fashion paradigms. This article questions the postfeminist ethos that the project espouses, claiming that through its in-between, interstitial status, ‘Women’s Tales’ destabilise representational conventions without really disrupting fashions’ foundation.
    • Woodland owners’ attitudes to public access provision in south-east England

      Ravenscroft, Neil; Church, Andrew; Rogers, G.; Forestry Commission (Forestry Commission, 2005-09-30)
      In 2002 Forestry Commission England contracted the University of Brighton to undertake research into the attitudes and perceptions of woodland owners to public access. The six study areas in south-east England represented a good range of woodland and owner types. Overall there was a benign attitude towards public access to woodlands with only a few private owners reluctant to allow any access. Woodlands were mainly seen as non-commercial propositions requiring continuous investment to maintain their value, and many owners were attracted to grant aid to help them fulfil wider aims for woodland management. Owners felt that larger woodlands located in the urban fringe should be the strategic focus of access initiatives. In no case outside the public/non-profit sectors was recreational access a leading priority of the owner, and the blanket availability of proportional grants solely related to the provision of access seems unlikely to attract much new provision.
    • Work-related wellbeing in UK higher education - 2014

      Kinman, Gail; Wray, Siobhan; University and College Union (University and College Union, 2017-08-30)
      This report presents the findings of a national survey of work-related wellbeing in higher education. The sample comprised 6439 respondents working in academic and academic-related roles in UK universities and colleges.  The Health and Safety Executive framework for measuring work-related stress was used and findings compared with data obtained in previous waves of the research.  Other factors, such as perceptions of stress, illegitimate tasks and change fatigue and job satisfaction were examined.  Mental and physical health, absenteeism and presenteeism and work-life balance were also assessed. The implications for UK higher education are discussed. 
    • Work-related wellbeing in UK prison officers: a benchmarking approach

      Kinman, Gail; Clements, Andrew James; Hart, Jacqui Ann; University of Bedfordshire (Emerald, 2016-06-20)
      Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to examine the well-being of UK prison officers by utilising a benchmarking approach. Design/methodology/approach-The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Stress Indicator Tool is widely used in the UK to assess key psychosocial hazards in the workplace encompassing demands, control, support from managers and co-workers, relationship quality, role and change management. This study utilises this approach to examine the extent to which a sample of UK prison officers meets the HSE recommended minimum standards for the management of work-related well-being. Levels of mental health and job satisfaction in the sector are also assessed using measures with extensive occupational norms. The psychosocial hazards that make the strongest contribution to mental health and job satisfaction are also considered. Findings-Respondents reported lower levels of well-being for all of the hazard categories than recommended. Moreover, mental health and job satisfaction were considerably poorer among prison officers than other occupational groups within the emergency and security services in the UK. Considerable variation was found in the psychosocial hazards that predicted mental health and job satisfaction. Practical implications-The high levels of stressors and strains experienced by UK prison officers gives serious cause for concern. Priority areas for interventions to enhance well-being in the sector are considered and areas for future research discussed. Originality/value-This study highlights the wide-ranging benefits of a benchmarking approach to investigate work-related stressors and strains at the sector level.
    • Working conditions, work-life conflict and wellbeing in UK prison officers: the role of affective rumination and detachment

      Kinman, Gail; Clements, Andrew James; Hart, Jacqui Ann (SAGE, 2016-08-25)
      Although prison officers experience the working conditions associated with work-life conflict, little research has explored this issue. This study draws upon the work-home resources model (ten Brummelhuis & Bakker, 2012) to investigate relationships between working conditions (demands and experiences of aggression) and time-based, strain-based and behavior-based work-life conflict in UK prison officers (n = 1,682). Associations between working conditions, work-life conflict, and emotional exhaustion were also examined. Two recovery behaviors (affective rumination and detachment) were considered as potential moderators of associations between working conditions and emotional exhaustion. High levels of all work-life conflict dimensions were found which were related to working conditions and emotional exhaustion. Some evidence was found that higher rumination and lower detachment exacerbated the positive association between both job demands and aggression and emotional exhaustion. The implications of the findings for the wellbeing and professional functioning of prison officers are discussed, together with key areas for future research.
    • Working for washback from university entrance tests in Japan

      Green, Anthony; University of Bedfordshire (2013-07-11)
    • Working from home during Covid-19: doing and managing technology-enabled social interaction with colleagues at a distance

      Lal, Banita; Dwivedi, Yogesh Kumar; Haag, Markus; ; University of Bradford; Swansea University; University of Bedfordshire (Springer, 2021-08-27)
      With the overnight growth in Working from Home (WFH) owing to the pandemic, organisations and their employees have had to adapt work-related processes and practices quickly with a huge reliance upon technology. Everyday activities such as social interactions with colleagues must therefore be reconsidered. Existing literature emphasises that social interactions, typically conducted in the traditional workplace, are a fundamental feature of social life and shape employees' experience of work. This experience is completely removed for many employees due to the pandemic and, presently, there is a lack of knowledge on how individuals maintain social interactions with colleagues via technology when working from home. Given that a lack of social interaction can lead to social isolation and other negative repercussions, this study aims to contribute to the existing body of literature on remote working by highlighting employees' experiences and practices around social interaction with colleagues. This study takes an interpretivist and qualitative approach utilising the diary-keeping technique to collect data from twenty-nine individuals who had started to work from home on a full-time basis as a result of the pandemic. The study explores how participants conduct social interactions using different technology platforms and how such interactions are embedded in their working lives. The findings highlight the difficulty in maintaining social interactions via technology such as the absence of cues and emotional intelligence, as well as highlighting numerous other factors such as job uncertainty, increased workloads and heavy usage of technology that affect their work lives. The study also highlights that despite the negative experiences relating to working from home, some participants are apprehensive about returning to work in the traditional office place where social interactions may actually be perceived as a distraction. The main contribution of our study is to highlight that a variety of perceptions and feelings of how work has changed via an increased use of digital media while working from home exists and that organisations need to be aware of these differences so that they can be managed in a contextualised manner, thus increasing both the efficiency and effectiveness of working from home.
    • Working in complex, short-term relationships

      Kohli, Ravi K.S.; Dutton, J. (Jessica Kingsley, 2018-02-21)
    • Working towards integration: Advancing Care Coordination & TeleHealth Deployment (ACT) Programme

      Davidson, Rosemary; Bescos, Cristina; Newman, Stanton; City University; Phillips Healthcare (Ubiquity Press, 2014-11-01)
      This poster gives a summary of the ACT Programme, the sites participating, diseases covered, numbers of patients, project timetable and the aim to provide a ‘toolbox’ of best practice. ACT programmes fall within five broad areas: CC of Management of Chronic and Multimorbid long-term conditions; Management of Chronic and Multimorbid long-term conditions with telehealth; Active patient/prevention/Education; Elderly at home; and Transitional care/post discharge. The number of patients recruited to ACT programmes varied considerably, from the small scale (e.g. Scotland’s REACT project for those over 75 and Groningen’s eDiabetes programme, both with 15-20 patients) to much larger scale (e.g. Lombardy’s Chronic patients with 37,000). Most Programmes (14 out of 17) recruit people with chronic conditions and in some cases these are specified such as Congestive Heart Failure and Diabetes. Patients in recovery or rehabilitation were the second most cited group (12 out of 17). Patients in the preventative category were least likely to enter Programmes (5 out of 17). Some Programmes accept patients at multiple key stages. For example, Groningen’s Effective Cardio Programme accepts patients at the preventative, newly diagnosed, disease management, recovery/rehabilitation, at risk, chronic and palliative stages, in addition to those on new medication. All Programmes reported clear lines of responsibility for the provision of patient care. General Practitioners/Primary Care took responsibility in nine of the 17 Programmes. Elsewhere, specialist nurses held responsibility (e.g. Groningen’s Effective Cardio) or chest physicians (e.g. Groningen’s asthma/COPD Telehealth service). Other Programmes apportioned responsibility at a broader level via a Programme Management Working Group and local managers (Basque Country’s Active Patients) for example, or with a National diabetes standard and regional guidelines (Groningen’s eDiabetes) or with defined care pathways (Scotland’s three Programmes). Further details of the Organisational aspects of the participants in the ACT programme will be presented in the Poster
    • Working with schools and alternative education providers: extract #2

      Firmin, Carlene Emma; Curtis, George; Fritz, Danielle; Olaitan, Paul; Latchford, Lia; Lloyd, Jenny; Larasi, Ikamara; Contextual Safeguarding Network (Contextual Safeguarding Network, 2016-06-20)
      This extract from the report 'Towards a Contextual Response to Peer-on-Peer Abuse: Research and Resources from MsUnderstood local site work 2013-2016' highlights the role that education providers may play in responding to peer-on-peer abuse. The extract discusses the potential for working with Fair Access Panels and opportunities for creating whole school approaches to respond to peer-on-peer abuse. If you would like a copy of the slides or editable copies of the resources within this extract, then Contact Us.
    • Working with values: an alternative approach to win-win

      Williams, Sarah; Preston, Diane; University of Bedfordshire; Open University (Inderscience, 2019-05-01)
      In this paper we offer an alternative perspective on the business case for why organisations should embrace the arguments for corporate social responsibility (CSR). In particular we look at the win-win scenario often posited by both internal and external agencies where it is not only the business who wins by adopting a CSR agenda but also the environment; save money - save the planet. Using a case study of a group of SME managers belonging to a Green Business network in the UK, we offer a different approach to relying on the traditional win-win scenario that assumes businesses and managers are motivated largely by financial gain. Instead, we show how a series of workshops were used based on Schwartz's Value System with the aim of helping the managers to, firstly understand their own values and motivations toward CSR and, secondly, how they could translate this to better understand the values of their own managers and colleagues with regard to embedding CSR practice. The aim of the paper is to highlight the value of taking a perspective on CSR at the individual level as well as offering a tool that managers could use in their own practice.
    • Working with/in institutions: how policy enactment in widening participation is shaped through practitioners' experience

      Rainford, Jon; (Routledge, 2021-01-12)
      Widening participation in higher education is driven by policy which is then enacted by individual practitioners. Practitioners bring with them a wealth of personal and employment experiences which shape their interpretations and enactments. Drawing on sixteen in-depth semi structured interviews with practitioners across seven universities in England, a classification is developed in order to conceptualise their orientations to policy enactment. Whilst nationally focused, this study has international resonance especially in marketised HE systems where policies are similarly enacted. The model developed within the paper proposes that personal and professional experience can cause practitioners to orient towards the interests of the institution or the individuals they work with. This orientation can be in compliance with institutional policy or adopt a more transgressive stance. Through deeper theorisation of practitioner positions we can better understand how to ensure work in this area better serves the individuals which it is targeted at.
    • Working-class women's education in Huddersfield: a case study of the female educational institute library, 1856-1857

      Gerrard, Teresa A.; Weedon, Alexis (University of Texas Press, 2014-12-31)
      The Huddersfield Female Educational Institute claimed to be the first in England established for working-class women. It had close ties to the men’s Mechanics’ Institute, and its origins lie in that nineteenth-century movement for British working-class education. The article adds to existing research on gender and library use by examining the factors that shaped working-class women’s education in the 1850s. Using the Female Institute’s library records from 1856 and 1857, the authors analyze the borrowing habits of its members. They compare the origins of the Female Institute with its male equivalent and demonstrate how middle-class definitions of working-class masculinity and femininity shaped education.
    • Workplace bullying and burnout: the moderating effects of social support

      Rossiter, Louise; Sochos, Antigonos; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2018-02-28)
      This study aims to investigate the moderating effects of social support on the link between workplace bullying and burnout. This correlational study includes 222 employees recruited from various industry sectors. Participants completed the Revised Negative Acts Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Social Support Scale. Colleague and supervisor support moderated the relationship between both work- and person-related bullying with burnout, whereas family and senior management support moderated the links between burnout and person-related and physically intimidating bullying, respectively. High levels of emotional support were associated with greater emotional exhaustion in work-related and overall bullying. Different forms of social support moderated the links between different forms of workplace bullying and different components of burnout. The present findings may inform anti-bullying prevention programs and interventions supporting bullying victims.
    • Works from the Cinderella Collection

      Weedon, Alexis (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020-12-01)
      A list of books forming part of the Cinderella collection in the Polhill campus library archive at the University of Bedfordshire