Recent Submissions

  • Relational learning and teaching with BME students in social work education

    Dillon, Jean; Pritchard, Diana J.; University of Bedfordshire (Cambridge University Press, 2021-10-07)
    Given the imperative to redress the education inequalities between Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) and White students, this contribution explores advances and challenges from within Social Work education (SWE) in relation to the experiences of Black social work students. Drawing on critical race theories and the concept of racial battle fatigue, it explores the impacts of race and racism on students' academic experience and wellbeing. It proposes the significance of relational wellbeing which has been a constant strand within Social Work education and comprises a valuable approach to the decolonisation process within higher education (HE). Linking this to critical pedagogy, it highlights the role of staff to build safety, confidence and trust to support students to overcome prior education experiences of under-attainment, disadvantage and social marginalisation. Despite the pervasiveness of managerialism within HE, which compromises the teacher-student relationship and emphasises measured changes in student 'outcomes', Social Work educators are invited to nurture safe and transformational learning environments.
  • Youth crime and youth justice

    Bateman, Tim (Sage, 2021-12-20)
  • A systematic review of parenting interventions used by social workers to support vulnerable children

    Vseteckova, Jitka; Boyle, Sally; Higgins, Martyn; Open University; University of Bedfordshire; London South Bank University (SAGE, 2021-11-09)
    This paper reports on the findings from a systematic review of parenting interventions used by social workers to support vulnerable children in the United Kingdom. The study focused on children from birth to 11 years and 11 months based on Munro's rationale for early intervention. From the 423 papers initially identified, twelve met the inclusion criteria for this review. Four common themes were identified: developing relationships, the effectiveness of parenting interventions, societal impact on families and health and psychological concerns. The importance of effective relationships between parents and social workers was identified as key to effective parental interventions but there was limited evidence of improved outcomes for children despite this. A common factor in the studies was the level of parental deprivation which in many cases was associated with a range of mental health issues frequently seen in association with drug and alcohol abuse and domestic violence. The review identified a number of successful outcomes across a range of parenting interventions. However, what was surprising was the limited input from the children themselves within this review. Applying our findings to practice, the authors recommend a number of ways to contribute to the development of parenting interventions.
  • An inter-disciplinary perspective on evaluation of innovation to support care leavers' transition

    Lynch, Amy; Alderson, Hayley; Kerridge, Gary; Johnson, Rebecca; McGovern, Ruth; Newlands, Fiona; Smart, Deborah; Harrop, Carrie; Currie, Graeme; University of Bedfordshire; et al. (Emerald, 2021-09-14)
    Purpose Young people who are looked after by the state face challenges as they make the transition from care to adulthood, with variation in support available. In the past decade, funding has been directed towards organisations to pilot innovations to support transition, with accompanying evaluations often conducted with a single disciplinary focus, in a context of short timescales and small budgets. Recognising the value and weight of the challenge involved in evaluation of innovations that aim to support the transitions of young people leaving care, this paper aims to provide a review of evaluation approaches and suggestions regarding how these might be developed. Design/methodology/approach As part of a wider research programme to improve understanding of the innovation process for young people leaving care, the authors conducted a scoping review of grey literature (publications which are not peer reviewed) focusing on evaluation of innovations in the UK over the past 10 years. The authors critiqued the evaluation approaches in each of the 22 reports they identified with an inter-disciplinary perspective, representing social care, public health and organisation science. Findings The authors identified challenges and opportunities for the development of evaluation approaches in three areas. Firstly, informed by social care, the authors suggest increased priority should be granted to participatory approaches to evaluation, within which involvement of young people leaving care should be central. Secondly, drawing on public health, there is potential for developing a common outcomes’ framework, including methods of data collection, analysis and reporting, which aid comparative analysis. Thirdly, application of theoretical frameworks from organisation science regarding the process of innovation can drive transferable lessons from local innovations to aid its spread. Originality/value By adopting the unique perspective of their multiple positions, the authors’ goal is to contribute to the development of evaluation approaches. Further, the authors hope to help identify innovations that work, enhance their spread, leverage resources and influence policy to support care leavers in their transitions to adulthood.
  • Conceptualising and measuring levels of risk by immigration status for children in the UK

    Feinstein, Leon; Aleghfeli, Yousef Khalifa; Buckley, Charlotte; Gilhooly, Rebecca; Kohli, Ravi K.S.; University of Oxford; Just for Kids Law; Children’s Commissioner for England; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2021-12-09)
    Extensive evidence exists on how characteristics and circumstances of children shape their lifepaths and outcomes, and on the scale of resulting need. However, little research exists assessing the numbers of children who may be at risk of harm or disadvantage due to their immigration status. In this paper, we sought to establish the degree to which it is possible to monitor the aggregate vulnerability to risk of children in the UK by virtue of immigration status. First, we developed an observable set of immigration risk and vulnerability factors through workshop consultations that were analysed to produce a core set of variables that might be measured to assess aggregate need by virtue of immigration status. Second, we assessed through an administrative data review what is known statistically about the numbers of children at risk by virtue of immigration status in the UK. This research indicates a considerable gap in statistical knowledge of the level of vulnerability of children in the UK by virtue of immigration status. The approach we have developed provides a framework for future statistical work that might address this gap.
  • The mixed race Irish family and everyday negotiations of citizenship

    O’Malley, Patti; University of Bedfordshire (SAGE Publications Ltd, 2020-07-12)
    In recent years, the mixed race family constellation has emerged as a persistent feature of Irish societal life. An increase in interracial partnering invariably leads to the presence of white women who are parenting children who are ascribed to another race. Yet, nationalist discourses and the incorporation of jus sanguinis principles in constitutional law have constructed a version of Irishness that ‘others’ and excludes the mixed race person. This paper focuses on the white Irish mother and her mixed race (i.e. black African/white Irish) child (ren), as the majority of mixed race families in the State. In fact, this article sets out to provide a novel perspective vis-à-vis the location of the mixed race family in the context of the exclusionary politics of Irish citizenship and how, through their mothering practices, these white women negotiate and challenge dominant ideologies of belonging on behalf of their children. More specifically, this paper examines the mothers’ attempts to establish their children as equal claimants of rights in the Irish public sphere. By drawing on in-depth interviews with twelve white Irish mothers, this paper reveals that the women’s efforts to publicly articulate their mixed race children as legitimate Irish citizens have been largely denied or even, de-politicized. Rather, at the level of citizenship, the racialized insider-outsider dynamic gets reproduced as the political autonomy of such citizens is constrained by notions of phenotype (and bloodline criteria). I further draw attention to the governmental production of these mixed race subjects as ‘failed’ citizens, who must live out their difference silently in the interstitial spaces of the national framework.
  • Bridging the care-crime gap: reforming the youth court?

    Bateman, Tim; National Association for Youth Justice; University of Bedfordshire (National Association for Youth Justice, 2021-10-26)
  • Do it with pride: lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans lives and opinions

    Browne, K.; Church, Andrew; Smallbone, K.; University of Brighton in collaboration with Brighton and Hove City Council (University of Brighton, 2005-01-01)
  • The Thames Gateway: an analysis of the emergence of a sub-regional regeneration initiative

    Church, Andrew; Frost, Martin ([Wiley, Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers)], 1995-07-01)
    This paper examines the recent evolution of a sub-regional planning initiative in the Thames Gateway which is part of London and the South East region of England. In the late 1980s this area had become a focus for the regeneration strategies of national, regional and local government agencies which were justified on the basis of generalizations of the area's socio-economic structure, largely based on its unfavourable image as the 'back-yard' of London. This paper presents some empirical analyses of recent economic and social change affecting the characteristics of sub-areas of the Thames Gateway and considers the aims of redevelopment strategies.
  • Local initiatives for economic regeneration

    Church, Andrew; Hall, J. (Oxford University Press, 1989-01-01)
  • Transport and social exclusion in London

    Church, Andrew; Frost, Martin; Sullivan, K. (Elsevier, 2000-12-14)
    Few studies explicitly link transport and social exclusion and yet there is increasing pressure from policy-makers in the UK to do so. We propose a conceptual framework which links the two and examine a selection of indicators which might be used in assessing the outcomes of policies designed to use increased mobility to reduce exclusion. An illustrative example of the use of London Transport's CAPITAL model is demonstrated to assess access to regeneration sites. We conclude that increasing access to activities and services requires combating individuals’ constraints at either end of their journey in addition to transport system improvements.
  • Cross-border co-operation, institutionalization and political space across the English Channel

    Church, Andrew; Reid, Peter (Routledge, 1999-09-01)
    CHURCH A. and REID P. (1999) Cross-border co-operation, institutionalization and political space across the English Channel, Reg. Studies 33 , 643-655. Cross-border initiatives are based on flexible co-operative networks and have many of the characteristics which the institutionalist perspective argues are often present in regions that have developed effective institutional forms. Transfrontier programmes involving local authorities in northern France and southern England are examined. The paper explores the significance of cross-border strategies for the development and restructuring of the role of local governance in institutional arrangements and territories. It also considers the interaction between cross-border spaces, the transnational spatial planning regions promoted by the European Commission and the emerging regional politics of South East England. CHURCH A. and REID P. (1999) La coopération transfrontalière, l'institutionnalisation et l'espace politique outre Manche, Reg. Studies 33 , 643-655. Les initiatives transfrontalières sont fondées sur des réseaux de coopération souples et ont beaucoup des caractéristiques qui, du point de vue institutionnel, sont souvent présentes dans les régions qui ont développé des institutions efficaces. Des programmes transfrontaliers auxquels participent les autorités locales dans le nord de la France et dans le sud de l'Angleterre se voient examiner. Cet article étudie l'importance des stratégies trans frontalières quant au développement et à la restruct uration du rôle du gouvernement local dans les structures institutionnelles et les territoires. L'article aborde aussi l'interaction des espaces transfrontaliers, des zones d'étude et d'aménagement du territoire transnationales promues par la Commission européenne, et de la politique régionale naissante du sud-est de l'Angleterre. CHURCH A. und REID P. (1996) Grenzüberschreitende Kooperation, Institutionalisierung und politischer Raum jenseits des Ärmelkanals, Reg. Studies 33 , 643‐655. Grenzüberschreitende Initiativen stützen sich auf flexible kooperative Netzwerke, und weisen viele Eigenschaften auf, die sich vom Standpunkt der institutionellen Perspektive her gesehen oft in Gegenden befinden, die effektive institutionelle Formen entwickelt haben. Es werden grenzüberschreitende Programme überprüft, die Ortsverwaltungen in Nordfrankreich und Südengland einbeziehen Der Aufsatz untersucht die Bedeutung grenzüberschreitender Strategien für die Entwicklung und Umstrukturierung der Rolle der örtlichen Verwaltung in institutionellen Vereinbarungen und Staatsgebieten. Er berücksichtigt auch die Wechselwirkung zwischen grenzüberschreitenden Räumen, die übernationalen Raumplanungs regionen, die von der europäischen Kommission gefördert werden, und die aufkommende Regionalpolitik Südenglands.
  • ‘I never promised you a rose garden’: gender, leisure and home-making

    Bhatti, Mark; Church, Andrew (Routledge, 2000-07-01)
    This paper explores the importance of contemporary gardens as leisure sites and argues that leisure in general, and the garden in particular, play an important role in the process of homemaking. We also consider how the contemporary garden reflects wider social relations by examining how gender relations imbue gardens and gardening. The gendered meanings of gardens and the garden as a place where gender power relations are played out, are highly significant in the social construction of ‘home’. Using primary research data, the paper looks at what it is about the domestic garden that is important to both men and women, and how it contributes to homemaking. The findings show that there are conflicting uses and meanings of gardens which help to reveal the changing nature of gender relations in late modernity.
  • ‘Whose land is it anyway?’ deconstructing the nature of property rights and their regulation

    Ravenscroft, Neil; Church, Andrew; Parker, G. (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012-10-18)
    Contemporary Western legal theory is posited on a claim that property rights have ‘evolved’ as a response to competition over the use of land and that the distribution and regulation of ownership rights reflect society. Other branches of the social sciences regard regulation and rights distributions as being produced by a more complex and shifting interplay of governmentalities. The governance of land has therefore produced emergent hybrid sets of arrangements that reflect various sources and types of power circulating through social institutions and the wider political economy. Garrett Hardin’s ‘tragedy of the commons’ has been highly influential, in arguing that external or private regulation of land use is all that prevents over-exploitation of common property resources. Many critics have sought to expose weaknesses in Hardin’s arguments, and Hardin himself later limited his thesis to explaining the fate of unmanaged commons. Yet his central thesis, about the deployment of property rights, has largely remained unchallenged. As E.P. Thompson has argued, this has (erroneously, in his belief) included a central notion that land is not only capable of being ‘owned’, but that ownership is discrete, hierarchical and, ultimately, ‘natural’. In agreeing with Thompson, Munton has recently observed that the dynamism of contemporary land use and the interests shaping its regulation increasingly renders obsolete singular ideas of tenure in favour of understanding property as a ‘bundle of rights’ that can be allocated differentially as required. In building upon Thompson and Munton’s arguments, we seek to challenge Hardin’s thesis, by arguing that: (a) far from being natural, property rights are human directed inscriptions on land; (b) the institution of property has a natural (or preferred) form, to the extent that it is allowed to emerge and evolve by common convention; (c) contrary to advanced liberal doctrine, land has a tendency towards common, rather than individual, regulation and use; and (d) liberal theory has been used to justify and shift regulation from the common to the individual. In advancing our arguments, we have borrowed ideas from Marcel Mauss’ description of the socio-economic gift relationship, in which he posits the root of social power being contained in the value of the gift made from one person to another and the indebtedness of the other until the gift is reciprocated with interest. Since reciprocation demands further reciprocation, Mauss shows that only the most powerful can survive a process that, ultimately, serves to underpin the hegemony of tying social practice to the dominant ideology of exchange.
  • Local democracy, cross-border collaboration and the internationalisation of local government

    Church, Andrew; Reid, Peter (Palgrave Macmillan, 2002-08-31)
    Local government organisations in many countries are now involved in significant transnational cooperative initiatives. This internationalisation of local governance takes many different forms, ranging from informal cultural exchanges to attempts to influence the actions of foreign state governments. It also has important implications for the politics and the management of local government. The existing evidence suggests transnational exchange may stimulate policy innovation and new thinking, but it can also generate significant problems in terms of accountability, strategic vision, initiative management and policy effectiveness. This chapter takes a critical view of one form of transnational cooperation, cross-border collaboration, and argues that the benefits of this activity are elusive and the problems encountered are slow to be overcome.
  • Cultivating natures: homes and gardens in late modernity

    Bhatti, Mark; Church, Andrew (SAGE Publications, 2001-05-01)
    In this paper we seek to engage with contemporary environmental debates concerning human-nature relations at the everyday level. Our focus is on the domestic or home garden, which we argue is a significant locale for understanding human-nature relations. Secondary empirical data illustrate the growth of gardening and its connections to changes in housing tenure, consumption patterns and the `commodification of nature' by the garden industry. Primary empirical data on the meanings of home and garden (and gardening activities) are utilised to understand the relations between human agency and contemporary human-nature relations. The findings suggest that a variety of social and economic processes encourage utilitarian and consumerist orderings of nature in gardens. But the meanings of gardens are also structured by personal practices, often reflecting relationships with family and friends, that produce complex and personalised connections with nature that illustrate the ambiguity of human-nature relations.
  • The social effects of travel to learn patterns : a case study of 16-19 year olds in London

    Watson, Judith; Church, Andrew (SAGE Publications/Local Economy Policy Unit (LEPU), 2009-08-01)
    Previous research into education and student geographies has usually focussed on either compulsory schooling or university education. This paper, using London as a case study, is an innovative attempt to understand the geographies of non-compulsory, non-university education (‘further education’, FE) which plays a crucial role in a world city labour market that requires a wide range of skills. Original analysis is provided using findings from a questionnaire, interviews with students and senior college managers and the analysis of individual student records, the Individualised Student Record (ISR) and Pupil-Level School Census (PLASC). The education geography of 16-19 year olds in FE involves selection by institutions alongside choice by learners resulting in complex patterns of social segregation and travel to learn. The division between post 16 colleges and sixth forms attached to schools is crucial with the latter, wherever they are located, taking a less deprived section of the cohort.
  • Blowing the lid off cultural exclusion: possibilities of the Mass Observation Project

    Wiseman, T.; Church, Andrew; Ravenscroft, Neil (2018-03-27)
    Families with children gather together multiple generations around carefully constructed bonfires, an exaggerated check for hedgehogs and nanny lights the fire. Dad lights the fireworks, carefully placing each one, sealing the tin, standing back after lighting the touch paper and together they watch the fizzy colourful exciting bursts. Stopping to enjoy baked potatoes, parkin, treacle toffee, and run around with sparklers. The fun fills the crisp night air. The noise, like an artillery barrage fills the smoky night. But not everyone has children to hand to gain access to this special night, and for many it is a night when other people have fun. They put up with the loud intrusive bangs, and reminisce on their own lifetime of being part of, and excluded from, this special night. Stories about leisure through the life course that are presented in this research were constructed through immersion in the contributions of individual Mass Observation Archive correspondents writing about bonfire night (Bonfire Night 2015). Current and remembered stories are woven together using direct quotes to create stories that illustrate ‘other people’s fun’ and the effect that echoes of the past have on the 5th of November each year. Creative non-fiction is an important narrative form which is used in leisure studies research, and aims to present qualitative findings in an engaging and emotive way. Drawing on narratives from the Mass Observation Archive in Sussex, this paper explores the thoughts and feeling of people around this mass cultural event who do not fit the cultural brief for inclusion. Some find ways to vicariously participate, others turn up the TV, grit their teeth and hang onto their pets. This research begins to explore what lies beneath these responses.
  • A radical take on co-production? community partner leadership in research

    Martikke, Susanne; Church, Andrew; Hart, Angie (Bristol University Press: Policy Press, 2018-12-19)

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