Recent Submissions

  • An investigation of antecedents and consequences of green value internalisation among sampled UK enterprises

    Arhavbarien, Joseph Abawenarhe; Ramanathan, Ramakrishnan; Duan, Yanqing; (Elsevier, 2024-06-30)
    Despite the growing popularity of the concept of green value internalization, research on how this concept is being accomplished at the enterprise level is still limited. The purpose of this study is to address this knowledge gap by drawing from previously known concepts of green value and value internalisation. It examines the antecedents and consequences of green value internalisation and evaluates how these environment-leaning approaches impact competitive advantage. This study uses the resource-based view and the stakeholder theory as theoretical lenses in linking green value internalisation to its antecedents and how these impact competitive advantage. A two-step approach involving a measurement model and a structural model was used to analyse survey data from 213 UK enterprises to validate the research hypotheses. Hypotheses testing shows that green value internalisation has a positive and significant impact on green criteria development. The results also show that external pressure positively and significantly affects green value internalisation. These findings extend prior knowledge by establishing the level of significance in the relationship among the antecedents and consequences in the research model. The research design for this study draws from a systematic literature review. The study offers rigorous empirical insights for implementing green value internalisation as a value-creating strategy. However, the antecedents and consequences examined in this study may not capture in detail all underlying constructs. Hence future studies should proffer valid and reliable instruments for these constructs. The findings provide managers from enterprises across a broad industry size range seeking to implement green value internalisation with resources for embedding an enterprise-level pro-environmental strategy.
  • Ethical implementation of artificial intelligence in the service industries

    Vatankhah, Sanaz; Bamshad, Vahideh; Duan, Yanqing; Arici, Hasan Evrim; (Taylor and Francis, 2024-05-21)
    This study employs a systematic literature review (SLR) combined with bibliometric analysis to investigate the ethical implementation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the service industries. This research uncovers key challenges such as privacy, bias, transparency, and accountability, emphasizing the critical need for ethical AI practices in service sectors handling sensitive customer data. Findings reveal that AI’s ethical implementation is crucial in areas like decision support, customer engagement, automation, and new service development. The analysis provides actionable insights into enablers, including ethical guidelines, human oversight, comprehensive training, and adaptive organizational culture, which are essential for unlocking AI’s potential and mitigating risks. The study offers a roadmap for future research, advocating interdisciplinary collaboration, customer co-creation in ethical frameworks, and sector-specific policy adaptation, ultimately aiming to build responsible and trustworthy AI in the service industries.
  • Entrepreneurship education research in Nigeria: current foci and future research agendas

    Yatu, Lemun Nuhu; Bell, Robin; Loon, Mark; University of Worcester; Bath Spa University (Emerald, 2018-06-11)
    Entrepreneurship education plays a crucial role in the development of entrepreneurs and the enhancement of entrepreneurial activities in every economy. This paper presents the findings of a review of Nigerian entrepreneurship education literature published in 20 journals over a 16-year period. The purpose of this paper is to examine research contributions in the field of entrepreneurship education within the Nigerian context, with the aim of understanding the focus and the different research areas covered by researchers in this area, and to make suggestions that can guide scholars in their future research contributions. Design/methodology/approach Systematic literature reviews are recognized methods for conducting evidence-based research. The study adopted a systematic literature review approach, drawing from a computerized search of five selected databases, using predetermined key words by the researchers. Findings The main finding of this paper is that related concepts like skills, intention, drive and attitude have been used in expounding discussions on the outcome of entrepreneurship education, but very little has been written on entrepreneurial mindset, which other studies have suggested is a crucial point in the journey of an entrepreneur (Reed and Stoltz, 2011; Neneh, 2012). Furthermore, learning and teaching of entrepreneurship in the Nigerian higher education institutions seem to be more focused on creating awareness about entrepreneurship, as against the experiential approach that scholars have argued to be a prerequisite for developing the next generation of entrepreneurs (Bell, 2015). The study also found that over 80 percent of the reviewed articles are published in journals not ranked or indexed in the ABS journal rankings or the Scopus database. Research limitations/implications The paper is limited since it is based on a review of literature from a selected range of databases, covering a specific time span. This potentially excludes other studies outside this time span. Scholarship in this area and context will benefit greatly when researchers target, choose and engage the higher ranked and more impactful journals as the outlet for their research outputs. Practical implications At a time when efforts are being made to address socioeconomic issues like poverty and unemployment through mainstream training in entrepreneurship education, this paper provides a better understanding of the state of research in this context, by highlighting the potential gaps as to where research investigation is needed for better policy formulation and guiding future research. Originality/value There are limited studies that focus on the issue of entrepreneurial mindset in entrepreneurship education in Nigeria. Overall, this paper identifies an important gap in the literature that warrants future research.
  • Entrepreneurship education and the moderating role of inclusion in the entrepreneurial action of disabled students

    Dakung, Reuel Johnmark; Bell, Robin; Orobia, Laura Aseru; Yatu, Lemun Nuhu; University of Jos; University of Worcester; Makerere University; University of Bedfordshire (Elsevier, 2022-10-28)
    Educators and policymakers have sought to open entrepreneurship to a broader range of students. The paper investigates the role of entrepreneurship education in the development of People with Physical Disabilities (PWPDs) and the moderating role of inclusion in their entrepreneurial action. This research employed a cross-sectional survey of 253 students with physical disabilities across tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The findings underscore the significant role of entrepreneurship education in enhancing the entrepreneurial action of physically disabled students. The finding of the study established the moderating role of inclusion in the relationship between entrepreneurship education and the entrepreneurial action of physically disabled students. This implies that the commitment of the educators to accept and support physically disabled students in the class will create an environment in which physically disabled students can learn to monitor and respond to entrepreneurial changes in the environment. This will in turn prepare them to engage in a business start-up. This research highlights that entrepreneurship education and inclusion make significant contributions to physically disabled students’ entrepreneurial action. Therefore, these factors are key to consider in preparing physically disabled students to become entrepreneurial graduates. The study contributes to the extant literature by underscoring the value of creating an environment of inclusion in entrepreneurship education.
  • Barrier analysis to improve big data analytics capability of the maritime industry: a mixed-method approach

    Zhao, Guoqing; Xie, Xiaotian; Wang, Yi; Liu, Shaofeng; Jones, Paul; Lopez, Carmen; Swansea University; University of Surrey; University of Bedfordshire; University of Plymouth; et al. (Elsevier Inc., 2024-03-23)
    The maritime industry is facing increasing challenges due to decarbonization requirements, trade disruptions, and geoeconomic fragmentation, such as International Maritime Organization (IMO) sets out clear framework to reach net zero emissions by 2050, Russia-Ukraine war disrupted maritime activities in the Black and Azov seas, and increased trade tensions between the United States and China. To enhance their sustainability, operational efficiency, and competitiveness, maritime organizations are therefore very keen to build big data analytics capability (BDAC). However, various barriers, mean that only a handful are able to do so. We adopt a mixed-method approach to analyze these barriers. Thematic analysis is used to identify five categories of barriers and 16 individual barriers based on empirical data collected from 26 maritime organizations. These are then prioritized using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), followed by total interpretive structural modelling (TISM) to understand their interrelationships. Finally, cross-impact matrix multiplications applied to classification (MICMAC) is employed to differentiate the role of each barrier based on its driving and dependence power. This paper makes several theoretical contributions. First, China's hierarchical cultural value orientation encourages competition and obedience to rules, resulting in unwillingness to share knowledge, lack of coordination, and lack of error correction mechanisms. These cultural barriers hinder BDAC development. Second, organizational learning category barriers are found to be the most important in impeding BDAC development. This study also raises practitioners' awareness of the need to tackle cultural and organizational learning barriers.
  • Passion and intention among aspiring entrepreneurs with disabilities: the role of entrepreneurial support programs

    Dakung, Reuel Johnmark; Bell, Robin; Orobia, Laura Aseru; Dakung, Kasmwakat Reuel; Yatu, Lemun Nuhu; University of Jos; University of Worcester; Beijing Foreign Studies University; Makerere University; University of Bedfordshire (Emerald Publishing, 2023-11-10)
    Purpose: This study examines the relationship between entrepreneurial passion, entrepreneurial support programs and entrepreneurial intention, and the moderating role of entrepreneurial support programs in the relationship between entrepreneurial passion and entrepreneurial intention, among students with physical disabilities in Nigerian tertiary institutions. Design/methodology/approach: This study used a closed-ended questionnaire survey, composed of previously validated scales, to sample 209 students with physical disabilities at tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Hierarchal regression was performed to assess the relationships between the variables and test the hypotheses. Findings: Both entrepreneurial passion and entrepreneurial support programs were found to be significantly positively related to entrepreneurial intention, and entrepreneurial support programs also moderated the relationship between entrepreneurial passion and entrepreneurial intention. Research limitations/implications: This research paper identifies that developing entrepreneurial passion and providing accessible and inclusive entrepreneurial support programs are valuable in supporting and facilitating a passage into entrepreneurship for those with disabilities. Originality/value: This research paper addresses calls for further understanding of how those with disabilities can be supported into entrepreneurship, by identifying supporting factors. The research paper provides further understanding of the entrepreneurial passion and intention nexus by exploring the relationship within those with a physical disability, where significant barriers exist and within a developing country context where entrepreneurship might be a necessity rather than driven by passion.
  • Assessing place experiences in Luton and Darlington on Twitter with topic modelling and AI-generated lexicons

    Taecharungroj, Viriya; Stoica, Ioana Sabrina; Mahidol University International College; University of Bedfordshire (Emerald Publishing, 2023-07-28)
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine and compare the in situ place experiences of people in Luton and Darlington. Design/methodology/approach: The study used 109,998 geotagged tweets from Luton and Darlington between 2020 and 2022 and conducted topic modelling using latent Dirichlet allocation. Lexicons were created using GPT-4 to evaluate the eight dimensions of place experience for each topic. Findings: The study found that Darlington had higher counts in the sensorial, behavioural, designed and mundane dimensions of place experience than Luton. Conversely, Luton had a higher prevalence of the affective and intellectual dimensions, attributed to political and faith-related tweets. Originality/value: The study introduces a novel approach that uses AI-generated lexicons for place experience. These lexicons cover four facets, two intentions and two intensities of place experience, enabling detection of words from any domain. This approach can be useful not only for town and destination brand managers but also for researchers in any field.
  • How do existing organizational theories help in understanding the responses of food companies for reducing food waste?

    Ramanathan, Ramakrishnan; Ramanathan, Usha; Pelc, Katarzyna; Hermens, Imke; University of Sharjah; University of Bedfordshire; Whysor BV (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2024-02-11)
    Food waste is a serious global problem. Efforts to reduce food waste are closely linked to the concepts of circular economy and sustainability. Though food organizations across the world are making efforts to reduce waste in their supply chains, there is currently no theoretical explanation that would underpin the responses of food companies in reducing food waste. Based on interactions with food companies over a nearly 5-year period, we explore the applicability of some well-known and not so well-known organizational theories in the operations management literature to underpin the observed responses of companies in reducing food waste. This paper is one of the first attempts to study food waste from an operations and supply chains point of view, especially from the lens of existing theories in the operations management literature and newer sustainability theories borrowed from other disciplines. Our research findings not only show that existing organizational theories and societal theories can help explain the motivations of firms engaging in food waste reduction, but also call for more research that could help explain some interesting observations that are not apparent when existing theories are used. This paper contributes to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals 1, 2 and 12.
  • The mediating role of thriving at work between organizational inducements and work outcomes

    Karadas, Georgiana; Vatankhah, Sanaz; Ozturk, Anastasia; Altun, Ozlem (Wiley, 2023-11-20)
    The study intends to assess the underlying mechanism of thriving between organizational inducements (OIs) and health care workers’ (HCWs) mental health and work effort based on social exchange theory and the socially embedded model (SEM) of thriving. This study tested a conceptual model regarding the antecedents and outcomes of thriving at work (TW). According to the results of structural equation modelling, both dimensions of OIs predict TW among HCWs. Employees who receive OIs display enhanced levels of thriving, which plays a key role in HCWs’ mental health and their work effort. This research adds important insights to the thriving literature by empirically examining its mediating role between workplace resources and HCWs’ health and work-related outcomes.
  • What does the mid-1990s soybean liberalization tell us about the role of foreign investment in China's rural industrialization?

    Fares, Tomaz Mefano; University of Bedfordshire (Taylor and Francis, 2024-01-09)
    This article reassesses the role of foreign investments in China’s rural industrialization in the 1980s and the early 1990s. It draws upon the power disputes between agribusiness transnational corporations (TNCs) and central domestic players in the country’s soybean complex. I follow Chris Bramall’s argument that food processing infrastructure grew progressively since the Maoist era in the 1960s and 1970s, instead of springing from foreign investments or pro-business local state officials during the reform and opening up. However, I go beyond this assumption by suggesting that foreign investments often had a detrimental role in rural industrialization, depending on their political action. I show through in-depth empirical analyses that due to the Maoist industrial legacy, soybean processors from Northeast China consolidated an endogenous form of accumulation based on local circuits of production and consumption under state protectionism. This specific industrialization trajectory has put them on opposite sides from agribusiness TNCs. The liberalization agenda pushed by the TNCs through bilateral and multilateral levels of influence culminated in the opening of China’s soybean imports in the late 1990s, allowing the consolidation of their global trade monopoly to the detriment of domestic players.
  • The entrepreneurial academic: leveraging finite resources

    Oham, Charles A.C.; University of Bedfordshire (2024-02-07)
    This presentation was delivered at the Business and Management Research Institute Seminar series on the 6th of February 2024. Academics adopting an entrepreneurial mindset can leverage more resources to further their research and scholarly objectives. The theories and philosophies of entrepreneurship to the role of an academic using an author-ethnographic method to narrate the research journey of the presenter.
  • Wenhua dacai (great cultural talent): paradoxical discourses and practices in the revival of Confucian classical education in contemporary China

    Wang, Canglong; Wang, Shuo; Gao, Youjiang; University of Hull; University of Bedfordshire; Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics (Springer Science and Business Media B.V., 2023-08-02)
    Cultivating wenhua dacai (great cultural talent) is a central goal of the ongoing dujing (classics reading) education movement, which is an integral part of the broad Confucian revival in contemporary China. Focusing on the concept of wenhua dacai, this article explores three interrelated issues. First, as a term used in the context of dujing education, wenhua dacai refers to an idealized Confucian subject shaped by an interweaving of nationalism and cosmopolitanism. Moreover, it is expected not only to revive Confucian/Chinese culture but also to contribute to human cultural exchange. Second, the tendency of students to embrace individualistic virtues in their experience of classics reading poses a challenge to the lofty and sacred ideal of wenhua dacai, which reinforces the need for rigid discipline in learners. Finally, contextualizing the idea of wenhua dacai into the general transformation of education in China can contribute to a more thorough understanding of it. This article concludes that the cultivation of wenhua dacai dreamed of by Confucian dujing education activists is constituted by paradoxical discourses and practices embedded in the ideological complexities of Chinese education.
  • A visual overview of key developments of international family business research in the past three decades

    Zhang, Xinrui; Dou, Junsheng; Chen, Zhijun (2020-06-01)
    The family business is an important form of economic organization. In 1988, the authoritative aca- demic journal of the research field, the Family Business Review, marked the official formation of the family business research field. With the development of the research field, it is particularly important to systematically sort out the research status and development of the field and grasp the development trend of future research. We use the citation visualization software CiteSpace to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the 2054 family research literatures from SSCI sources from 1988 to 2017. The study found that from the perspective of the law of scientific development, the research institute of the family business in 2000 was in the sporadic exploration period, which just started to attract the attention of the academic circles. From 2000 to 2006, the family business field began to learn from the mature theoretical analysis phenomenon of other disciplines in the social science field. The research literature has grown rapidly and entered the development period. After 2007, it entered the emergence period of the paradigm. The new leading research perspective showed the socioemotional wealth framework, and the research results began to show an exponential upward trend. From the research theme, entrepreneurship, succession, and corporate governance are the key areas for family business research. From the perspective of leading theory, the agency theory in the first two decades is the most important mainstream theory in family business research. In the past ten years, the framework of socioemotional wealth has sprung up, which has opened up a new direction for family business research. From the geographical distribution of research literature, the current focus of family business research is in North America represented by the United States and Canada and Western Europe represented by the United Kingdom, Spain, etc. Australia, China and other countries/regions are also widely distributed. Among them, scholars such as Chrisman, Chua and Miller are representative scholars in North America, and Gomez-Mejia and De Massis are representative scholars in Europe. This paper has the following contributions: (1) In terms of methods, this paper uses CiteSpace, a citation visualization software, as a research tool to help readers understand the current situation and development trend of family business research intuitively, comprehensively and deeply. (2) In terms of sample source, the sample papers of this paper come from a wide range of sources, including 2054 articles from 1988 to 2017. (3) In terms of theoretical cognition, this paper identifies families with scientific law theory and four-stage model, and helps researchers to understand the current development stages and development requirements of family business research. This study provides a clear presentation of the results of the research through visualization techniques, providing a basis for family business researchers to quickly and intuitively understand the domain's profile and progress. Regardless of the theoretical aspect or the empirical method, there are still missing "puzzles" in the research field of family business. Therefore, the article provide four recommendations for future research directions. First, family business researchers need to focus on the accumulation of core knowledge. And future researchers can use meta-analysis and other methods to analyze, collate and summarize core knowledge on the basis of many documents that do not reach consensus conclusions, and promote further research. Second, the socioemotional wealth (SEW) of family businesses requires more direct measurement. Call on future researchers to use the grounded theo- ry and other methods to explore more direct SEW measurement methods, and also integrate into the Chinese con- text, further refine the SEW dimensions and explore its unique situation. Third, family business research can be more integrated into Chinese contextual factors. At present, the results of family business research are mainly based on Western research results, most of which are used in domestic research, ignoring some unique Chinese situational factors. Finally, new concepts in this field are difficult to guarantee external validity based on the lack of cross-country research. The future research can add more evidence of transnational research.
  • How do the successors’ training patterns affect the succession performance of family business: mediation of successors’recognition

    Dou, Junsheng; Zhang, Xinrui; Li, Shengxiao; Chen, Zhijun (Chongqing University, 2020-04-02)
    Internal experience and external experience are common patterns for family business to train successors. This paper focuses on the differences in the effects of these two different patterns on firm performance after successors have exerted significant influence on the firm. Based on the learning theory, this paper proposes a partially adjusted mediation effect model, and uses the 2016 survey data of 183 family firms in Zhejiang province to empirically test the hypothesis models. The results of data analysis show that the influence of the successors' training patterns on the succession performance of firms is completely mediated by the successors’ recognition, and this is a typical indirect mediating effect. Specifically, the internal experience pattern plays a positive role in the successors’ recognition and can promote the firm performance. While the external experience pattern has a negative effect, which will have a negative impact on firm performance. However, the tutor can effectively alleviate or even reverse the negative impact of the external experience pattern. This study uses the learning theory for the first time to integrate the research on the succession process and results of family business successors, and finds that the successor’s recognition is the intermediate mechanism between the successor training patterns and firm performance, which will help to improve the systematic understanding of the training process of family business successors.
  • Cognitive cohesion, family commitment and organizational creativity

    Chen, Zhijun; Ma, Pengcheng; Zhang, Xinrui; Min, Yijie (South China Journal of Economics, 2017-08-02)
    Although issues about innovation and entrepreneurship have drawn growing attention recently in family business research field, organizational creativity, which could be a significant and supportive factor in the above issue, seems still ignored to a large extent. This paper focus on the link among family features, family’s involvement in firm and organizational creativity, as well as the moderate effect of intergenerational relationship. The finding shows that: ( 1) family cohesion enhances family’s cultural commitment on firm; ( 2) family’s cultural commitment is positively related with creativity; (3) family’s cultural commitment play a mediate role in the above mechanism; (4) intergenerational attention strengthen the positive relationship between family cohesion and family’s cultural commitment, but intergenerational authority does not play a significant role. These findings suggest that ( 1) family features are important antecedents in family business research; ( 2) both family and firm factors should be taken into consideration in intergenerational succession process, and positive climate in family is meaningful for family firm’s prosperity.
  • Family business and corporate fraud in a transitional economy

    Zhang, Xinrui; Luo, Xiaowei (Academy of Management, 2023-07-23)
    Research on family firms often assumes them to be long-term oriented and care about their reputation, but this assumption is not investigated in transitional economies. We propose that family firms in transitional economies may commit more corporate fraud compared to other privately-controlled firms. Due to the lack of legitimacy, family firms face more resource limitations and thus have a lower possibility of survival, which leads them to risk committing fraud in order to survive. To verify our logic, we explore the tendency of family firms to engage in fraud when they are subject to greater survival pressures, when they have social-political sources of support, and when the intensity of external monitoring changes. Our argument is supported by examining publicly listed private firms in China from 2003 to 2015. Our research contributes to the literature on family businesses by showing how institutional contexts impact family business attributes, and to research on corporate fraud by understanding the influence of organizational legitimacy and family governance.
  • Underperformance duration and strategic change: an attention-based view of the firm

    Zhang, Xinrui (Academy of Management, 2022-07-06)
    Performance feedback, especially underperformance feedback, is a vital factor influencing a firm’s strategic change; yet, there is little evidence on underperformance duration. Drawing on attention-based view and cognitive literature within psychology, we argue that the length of time that a firm has been underperforming leads to firms’ strategic change, while this effect could be moderated by the TMT stability, the firm’s goals, and the family governance of a firm. Specifically, we proposed that the TMT stability will weaken the effect of underperformance duration on strategic change, while the firm’s growth orientation will strengthen this effect. Furthermore, both of these moderating effects will be flattened by family ownership. Our hypotheses were supported by a ten-year panel data of 2070 firms listed on the National Equities Exchange and Quotations (NEEQ) in China. We also discussed the statistical and practical significance of the results.
  • Family firms and regional development: evidence from China

    Zhang, Xinrui; Dou, Junsheng; Fang, Hanqing (Routledge, 2021-04-07)
    This chapter provides an overview of family business and regional development in the Chinese context. Motivated by the line of “contextualizing” family business studies, this chapter begins by discussing the Chinese context and regional development, and how these contribute to the unique challenges faced by Chinese family firms. The chapter discusses the historical development, current status, and future prospects of family firms in China. Finally, we conclude by exploring the theoretical and practical implications of this study and its limitations, which provide opportunities for future research aimed at extending knowledge about family business and regional development.
  • Endogeneity issues in family business research: current status and future recommendations

    Zhang, Xinrui; Fang, Hanqing; Dou, Junsheng; Chrisman, James J.; ; Missouri University of Science and Technology; Zhejiang University; Mississippi State University; University of Alberta (SAGE, 2023-12-06)
    Although the family business research field and related disciplines are paying increasing attention to improvements in methodology, there is still insufficient attention being paid to endogeneity issues. We therefore raise awareness of endogeneity and suggest ways to reduce biased results in family business studies. We review publications in the family business literature in terms of (1) the consideration of endogeneity issues, (2) sources of endogeneity for different research topics, and (3) various methods that researchers have used to control for endogeneity. We discuss important lessons learned from the review and offer methodologically oriented recommendations for future family business studies.
  • Fly green: environmentally specific servant leadership and its impact on green performance outcomes

    Vatankhah, Sanaz; Fejes, Odette Felicia; Karatepe, Osman M.; Nosrati, Saeid (Routledge, 2023-11-24)
    A careful examination of the pertinent literature denotes that no empirical study has tested the consequences of environmentally specific servant leadership (ESS) among cabin crew so far. This is surprising because the airline industry has long been at the forefront of green debate for its significant environmental problems (e.g., climate change, CO2 emission, and waste). With this realization, drawing on the stimulus-organism-response framework and social learning theory, our paper explores climate for green creativity (CGC) and green creativity (GC) as the serial mediators linking ESS to green recovery performance (GRP). Data came from cabin crew in major European low-cost carriers. The results from the PROCESS plug-in for statistical package for social sciences reveal that CGC or GC mediates the influence of ESS on GRP. More importantly, CGC and GC mediate the positive association between ESS and GRP in a sequential manner. The presence of ESS results in the establishment of the climate where cabin crew can offer novel green ideas and feedback that in turn enables them to display better GRP. Theoretical implications are discussed and implications for managers are given in the paper.

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