• Implantable antennas for bio-medical applications

      Malik, Nabeel A.; Sant, Paul; Ajmal, Tahmina; Ur-Rehman, Masood; University of Bedfordshire; University of Glasgow (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2020-10-08)
      Biomedical telemetry has gained a lot of attention with the development in the healthcare industry. This technology has made it feasible to monitor the physiological signs of patient remotely without traditional hospital appointments and follow up routine check-ups. Implantable Medical Devices(IMDs) play an important role to monitor the patients through wireless telemetry. IMDs consist of nodes and implantable sensors in which antenna is a major component. The implantable sensors suffer a lot of limitations. Various factors need to be considered for the implantable sensors such as miniaturization, patient safety, bio-compatibility, low power consumption, lower frequency band of operation and dual-band operation to have a robust and continuous operation. The selection of the antenna is a challenging task in implantable sensor design as it dictates performance of the whole implant. In this paper a critical review on implantable antennas for biomedical applications is presented.