Now showing items 1-20 of 7266

    • Gender, language, conversation analysis and feminism

      Stokoe, Elizabeth H.; Weatherall, Ann; Loughborough University; Victoria University of Wellington (SAGE, 2002-11-30)
    • Saving ourselves: gender issues in making provision for one's own retirement

      Gee, Susan; Ng, Sik Hung; Weatherall, Ann; Liu, James H.; Loong, Cynthia; Higgins, Te Ripowai (Blackwell Publishing, 2008-12-05)
      Objectives: This study investigated gender differences in making provision for retirement and the factors associated with a lower likelihood of saving. Method: Non-retired adults aged between 40 and 62.5 years (N = 382) were selected from a larger postal survey of Pakeha/New Zealand European adults over the age of 40 in the greater Wellington region of New Zealand. Results: Overall, women were less likely to save for their own retirement than were men, however this gender difference was no longer significant when income was taken into account. Those less likely to be making provision for their own retirement included individuals with poor health and lower income, and women who had divorced or who provided care. Conclusions: The relative economic position and social roles of women may engender vulnerability to economic dependence in later life.
    • Multiple discourse analyses of a workplace interaction

      Stubbe, Maria; Lane, Christopher; Hilder, Jo; Vine, Elaine; Vine, Bernadette; Marra, Meredith; Holmes, janet; Weatherall, Ann; Victoria University of Wellington (SAGE, 2003-08-31)
      This article explores the contributions that five different approaches to discourse analysis can make to interpreting and understanding the same piece of data. Conversation analysis, interactional sociolinguistics, politeness theory, critical discourse analysis, and discursive psychology are the approaches chosen for comparison. The data is a nine-minute audio recording of a spontaneous workplace interaction. The analyses are compared, and the theoretical and methodological implications of the different approaches are discussed.
    • Cultural stereotypes and social representations of elders from Chinese and European perspectives

      Liu, James H.; Ng, Sik Hung; Loong, Cynthia; Gee, Susan; Weatherall, Ann (Springer, 2003-06-30)
      Hierarchical cluster analyses of a trait sorting task were used to investigate social representations (and cultural stereotypes) of elderly New Zealanders (NZers) of Chinese and European origin, held by young (mean age = 17) and middle-aged (mean age = 46) NZers from both ethnic groups. Consistent with cultural theories of aging in Chinese societies, organizational features for NZ Chinese were: evaluative simplicity, role-governed representations (e.g., division between socio-emotional and task-oriented elders), little differentiation as a consequence of the ethnicity of elders or age group of subject, and an overall structure dominated by good/bad. NZ Europeans' social representations were more evaluatively complex, had fewer subtypes and more differences as a consequence of target person ethnicity. The Curmudgeon and the Nurturant were the most consensual stereotypes across the 8 cluster analyses (2 subject ethnicity x 2 target ethnicity x 2 subject age group), with the most power to organize stereotypical perceptions of elders across cultural groups. Only the majority group, NZ Europeans, displayed out-group homogeneity effects by creating more categories of elderly Europeans than Chinese. Both ethnic groups held representations of elderly Europeans as higher status in society, and both had more contact with European than Chinese elders outside the family.
    • A rhetorical approach to discussions about health and vegetarianism

      Wilson, Marc Stewart; Weatherall, Ann; Butler, Carly W.; ; Victoria University of Wellington (SAGE, 2004-07-31)
      Typically, research on vegetarianism has sought to identify the psychological characteristics that distinguish vegetarians from meat-eaters. Health concerns have been identified as a motivation for meat abstention. In this article, rhetorical analysis of Internet discussions about health and vegetarianism highlights the argumentative orientation of explanations for meat consumption, with the various constructions of health serving a rhetorical function. We show the dilemmatic nature of arguments about the relationship between food and health: food can promote health and cause ill-health, and suggest that meat-eating as a dominant practice is supported by the rhetorical use of notions of 'balance', implying moderation, inclusion and rationality. This rhetorical approach represents a radical critique of past work that assumes opinions given in response to questions about vegetarian practices represent 'causes' of dietary practice.
    • A deep learning workflow for quantification of micronuclei in DNA damage studies in cultured cancer cell lines: a proof of principle investigation.

      Panchbhai, Anand; Savash Ishanzadeh, Munuse C.; Sidali, Ahmed; Solaiman, Nadeen Shaikh; Pankanti, Smarana; Kanagaraj, Radhakrishnan; Murphy, John J.; Surendranath, Kalpana; Indian Institute of Technology Bhilai; University of Westminster; et al. (Elsevier, 2023-02-26)
      The cytokinesis block micronucleus assay is widely used for measuring/scoring/counting micronuclei, a marker of genome instability in cultured and primary cells. Though a gold standard method, this is a laborious and time-consuming process with person-to-person variation observed in quantification of micronuclei. We report in this study the utilisation of a new deep learning workflow for detection of micronuclei in DAPI stained nuclear images. The proposed deep learning framework achieved an average precision of >90% in detection of micronuclei. This proof of principle investigation in a DNA damage studies laboratory supports the idea of deploying AI powered tools in a cost-effective manner for repetitive and laborious tasks with relevant computational expertise. These systems will also help improving the quality of data and wellbeing of researchers.
    • Traffic light detection and recognition in autonomous vehicles

      Dawam, Edward Swarlat; Feng, Xiaohua; University of Bedfordshire (IEEE, 2022-12-13)
      Abstract - Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) face the challenge of recognising active traffic lights under harsh environmental conditions. Standard cameras and computer vision algorithms also face the same challenge. In this paper, we built a small-scale system to mitigate this challenge. First, we developed a light controller and a dataset builder script. The light controller and dataset builder script were then used to build a dataset of traffic lights with different lights activated. Bounding boxes were annotated on the traffic light dataset using dlib's imglab software. The dataset uses the HOG with Linear SVM object detector. An RGB histogram approach is adopted to train a logistic regression model on the feature vector data to recognise which light is "on" among the training images. Finally, a robot control script is developed and tested. The script uses both the object detector and colour recogniser for its detection and recognition. Our results show 89% accuracy in identifying a red-yellow-green traffic light under extreme environmental conditions
    • An evaluation of the Home Office Child Trafficking Protection Fund (October 2020)

      Connolly, Helen; University of Bedfordshire; Home Office (Home Office, 2020-10-31)
      This is a report on the evaluation of the Home Office Child Trafficking Protection Fund. The report offers a descriptive and thematic analysis of the monitoring and research from each of the projects supported by the fund. This analysis is largely drawn from qualitative and quantitative data provided to the Home Office by each of the projects funded and also from qualitative interviews with each of the project leads. The purpose of this report is to highlight the innovation, and specifically the processes undertaken and outcomes achieved within each of the projects and within the fund more generally and, to inform policy and practice on ‘what works’ in the protection, care and support of trafficked children and children at risk of trafficking.
    • Cut off from justice: the impact of excluding separated migrant children from Legal Aid (2015)

      Connolly, Helen; University of Bedfordshire and The Children's Society (The Children's Society, 2015-07-20)
      The research had the following three aims: 1. To increase knowledge and understanding of the nature of the changes to legal services for unaccompanied and separated migrant children since the implementation of LASPO (2012), the scale of the Act, and the profile of children at risk of being left vulnerable to a lack of access to justice. 2. To identify the main issues arising from these changes, including how they have affected immigration related processes, procedures and practices, the indirect consequences of the changes, and the impact they have had on children’s rights under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC, 1989). 3. To consolidate multiple perspectives on the legal aid changes, drawing from the first hand experiences of children and young people themselves, local authorities, advocates and legal practitioners. The research process involved: A desk-based review of the context, scale and impact of the changes on unaccompanied and separated migrant children. Locating the legal aid changes within the broader framework of the international standards and obligations of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989). Issuing Freedom of Information Requests to various public authorities as a means of getting baseline figures on the scale of the impact on unaccompanied and separated migrant children. Undertaking a survey with practitioners as a way of establishing baseline data about the frequency and circumstances of unaccompanied and separated children out of scope. Interviewing professionals across a range of legal, care and advocacy settings, concentrating on their experiences and perceptions of the ways in which the legal aid changes are directly and directly affecting the lives of unaccompanied and separated migrant children. Having conversations with separated and unaccompanied migrant children directly caught up in the changes about their first hand experiences of immigration processes and procedures and their hopes for others in the future.
    • An update to: Cut off from justice: the impact of excluding separated migrant children from Legal Aid (2017)

      Connolly, Helen; Crellin, Richard; Parhar, Rupinder; The Children's Society; University of Bedfordshire (The Children's Society, 2017-08-01)
      The enactment of the Legal Aid, Punishment and Sentencing of Offenders Act 2012 (LASPO) has had widespread consequences for the provision of legal aid in the UK. One key feature of the new scheme, of particular importance to The Children’s Society, were the changes made to the eligibility criteria around legal aid for immigration cases. These changes saw unaccompanied and separated children removed from scope for legal aid unless their claim is for asylum, or if they have been identified as victims of child trafficking. Since LASPO came into force in April 2013, The Children’s Society has closely followed the impact of these changes on unaccompanied and separated children. In 2015, we published a report, ‘Cut off from justice’1 , that sought to understand the changing landscape unaccompanied and separated children faced as they seek to regularise their immigration status in the UK. This report updates our findings, four years after the introduction of LASPO, ensuring that the needs of unaccompanied and separated children continue to be heard within a system that often renders them invisible, harming both their childhood and their future.
    • Volunteering and early childhood outcomes: an evidence review

      McLeish, Jenny; Baker, Leila; Connolly, Helen; Davis, Houda; Pace, Charlotte; Suppiah, Celia; Institute for Voluntary Action Research; Parents First (Big Lottery Fund, 2016-05-02)
      In 2015, the Big Lottery Fund engaged Parents 1st to carry out an evidence review exploring if and how volunteering, peer support and ‘community champions’ projects can support child development outcomes. The review was commissioned as part of A Better Start (ABS), a £215million investment, launched in October 2012, which aims to improve the life chances of the most vulnerable babies and children in England. The review is intended to support five voluntary sector-led partnerships to design, develop and implement programmes of science and evidence-based services to improve outcomes in pregnancy and early life for children aged 0-3 (i.e. up to a child’s fourth birthday).
    • Transitions for young people seeking asylum

      Kohli, Ravi K.S.; Connolly, Helen (Policy Press, 2009-10-05)
      This chapter begins by referring to Eva Hoffman’s experiences of migration, because these reflect, in important respects, some of the core experiences of transitions for people moving from one country to another, from one home to another, and in the case of those seeking asylum, from a place of harm to a place of safety. When young people become refugees, they often undertake such extensive journeys towards political, legal, and psychological safety. As forced migrants, these young people make the journey and the journey makes them. For all young asylum seekers, the movements range from securely achieving a home and sense of place after obtaining leave to remain in the country, to prolonged, chronic uncertainty about where to go to be safe. In that respect, forced migration and resettlement yield many trajectories, only some of which are understood by researchers. The chapter analyses the research evidence of the sorts of changes and transitions young people seeking asylum make, and what helps them to feel safe in volatile situations and conditions.
    • Without my family: the impact of family separation on child refugees in the UK (January 2020)

      Connolly, Helen; University of Bedfordshire; Amnesty International UK; Refugee Council; Save the Children (Amnesty International UK, Refugee Council and Save the Children, 2020-01-01)
      As if fleeing conflict and persecution wasn’t enough, for child refugees in the UK safety can come at a heavy price. Our report Without My Family highlights the devastating impact on children who have already experienced so much. Along with Refugee Council and Save the Children, the report exposes the impact on child refugees living in the UK of being separated from their families.The children we spoke to told us how the government's policy of keeping families apart caused them constant anxiety, fear for the safety of their parents and siblings and in some cases serious damage to their mental health. The UK governments refusal to guarantee a child's right to family reunification is in breach of its international obligations under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The arguments the governments put forward in denying these rights revolve around an unfounded fear of encouraging dangerous journeys by more asylum seeking children. Nothing in this research, or wider research into the issue supports this contention. The children we spoke to invite the government to imagine themselves or their families in a similar situation. With your help we're calling for the following changes to the current rules: * Allow child refugees in the UK the right to sponsor their close family, so they can rebuild their lives together and help them integrate in their new community * Expand who qualifies as family, so that young people who have turned 18 and elderly parents can join their family in the UK * Reintroduce legal aid for refugee family reunion cases so people who have lost everything have the support they need to afford and navigate the complicated process of being reunited with their families. We are proud to be part of the Families Together coalition, campaigning for change alongside more than 50 other organisations who want to bring #FamiliesTogether.
    • The attachment relationship between hostel-based homeless individuals and their keyworkers

      Sochos, Antigonos; Richards, Anita; Smith, Sue; Balint, Andrea; Bennett, Ashley; University of Bedfordshire (Elsevier, 2023-03-17)
      Research on the relationship between individuals experiencing homelessness and their keyworkers from an attachment perspective is scarce. In Study 1, 84 young individuals experiencing homelessness and their keyworkers completed measures of attachment, post-traumatic stress, and work-related distress. Hierarchical regression indicated that secure attachment with the keyworker was independently predicted by failed protection and goal-corrected partnership. Preoccupied attachment with the keyworker was predicted by fear of parental loss and client post-traumatic stress while avoidant attachment to the keyworker was predicted by goal-corrected partnership. These findings suggested that the relationship between youth experiencing homelessness and hostel staff was linked with the formers’ attachment experiences with their caregivers. In Study 2, 46 homeless individuals undergoing psychological therapy completed measures of attachment and psychopathology before and after treatment. Moderated hierarchical regression suggested that individuals experiencing homelessness who tended to be avoidantly attached to their keyworkers had relatively limited improvement in post-traumatic stress after therapy. Present studies identified specific ways in which the attachment system is implicated in the homeless-keyworker relationship.
    • The power of the wicked. Bad Biblical queens in Carolingian propaganda

      Stone, Rachel; Lamy, Marielle; Shimahara, Sumi; University of Bedfordshire (Beauchesne, 2023-02-02)
    • Paulinus of Aquileia, Pippin of Italy and the virtuous nobleman

      Stone, Rachel; Borri, Francesco; Albertoni, Giuseppe; University of Bedfordshire (Brepols, 2023-01-05)
    • Ducks, elephants and sharks: using LEGO® Serious Play® to surface the ‘hidden curriculum’ of equality, diversity and inclusion

      Schwabenland, Christina; Kofinas, Alexander K.; University of Bedfordshire (Sage, 2023-03-20)
      Despite widespread agreement on the importance of preparing management students for working in diverse organizations there is evidence (Perriton, Elliott and Humbert 2021; Perriton and Elliot 2018) that this is often ignored or marginalised in formal curricula. Our article draws on the concept of the hidden curriculum to present the results of a project in which business school academics and support staff explored the ‘unthought knowns’ (Bollas 2017: xix) that influence how equality, diversity and inclusion are, or are not, engaged with in the classroom. Our data were generated during workshops using the LEGO® Serious Play® methodology in which participants built LEGO® models to develop their own understandings of equality, diversity and inclusion. The models, and the discussions about them, uncovered complexities and contradictions inherent within these topics, alongside significant levels of anxiety and fear. Our study makes two contributions; firstly through the animal metaphors that featured in the models, we identify some of the anxieties that are generated by these topics which are likely to influence the hidden curriculum. Secondly, our innovative use of LEGO® Serious Play® contains important implications about the actual mechanism through which such insights can be ‘surfaced’ so that they become available for reflection and thought.
    • Intent-based deployment for robot applications in 5G-enabled non-public networks

      Qiu, Renxi; Li, Dayou; Ibáñez, Adrián Lendínez; Xu, Zhao; Tarazón, Rafa López; (International Telecommunication Union, 2023-03-15)
      Cloud and edge computing, distributed AI, and most recently 5G/6G communications are coming together and changing the way we collaborate, connect and interact. A new generation of AI-powered robots are also expected to be facilitated by these digital technological breakthroughs. Robots are supposed to tackle unknown situations and adapt in the long term by collaborating, connecting and interacting with the digital world. Such applications generate versatile, perpetuated and rapidly changing transmission demands to the network. Traditional network resource management is insufficient in supporting such traffic to meet the QoS. In this paper, we go a step further, in addition to the effort on the network side for traffic engineering; we also work on the application side to shape the traffic within non-public networks. We present an initial development for the proposed intent-based deployment for robotic applications.
    • Towards robust personal assistant robots: experience gained in the SRS project

      Qiu, Renxi; Ji, Ze; Noyvirt, Alexandre; Soroka, Anthony; Setchi, Rossi; Pham, Duc Truong; Xu, Shuo; Shivarov, N.; Pigini, Lucia; Arbeiter, Georg; et al. (IEEE, 2012-12-20)
      SRS is a European research project for building robust personal assistant robots using ROS (Robotic Operating System) and Care-O-bot (COB) 3 as the initial demonstration platform. In this paper, experience gained while building the SRS system is presented. A main contribution of the paper is the SRS autonomous control framework. The framework is divided into two parts. First, it has an automatic task planner, which initialises actions on the symbolic level. The planner produces proactive robotic behaviours based on updated semantic knowledge. Second, it has an action executive for coordination actions at the level of sensing and actuation. The executive produces reactive behaviours in well-defined domains. The two parts are integrated by fuzzy logic based symbolic grounding. As a whole, they represent the framework for autonomous control. Based on the framework, several new components and user interfaces are integrated on top of COB's existing capabilities to enable robust fetch and carry in unstructured environments. The implementation strategy and results are discussed at the end of the paper.
    • Human detection and tracking in an assistive living service robot through multimodal data fusion

      Noyvirt, Alexandre; Qiu, Renxi; Cardiff University (IEEE, 2012-09-13)
      A new method is proposed for using a combination of measurements from a laser range finder and a depth camera in a data fusion process that benefits from each modality's strong side. The combination leads to a significantly improved performance of the human detection and tracking in comparison with what is achievable from the singular modalities. The useful information from both laser and depth camera is automatically extracted and combined in a Bayesian formulation that is estimated using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling framework. The experiments show that this algorithm can track robustly multiple people in real world assistive robotics applications.